Aliases for DGKA Gene
External Ids for DGKA Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for DGKA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DGKA Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the eukaryotic diacylglycerol kinase family. It acts as a modulator that competes with protein kinase C for the second messenger diacylglycerol in intracellular signaling pathways. It also plays an important role in the resynthesis of phosphatidylinositols and phosphorylating diacylglycerol to phosphatidic acid. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]
GeneCards Summary for DGKA Gene
DGKA (Diacylglycerol Kinase Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DGKA include Fibrosclerosis Of Breast and Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 1. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Effects of PIP2 hydrolysis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and NAD+ kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DGKB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DGKA Gene
Diacylglycerol kinase that converts diacylglycerol/DAG into phosphatidic acid/phosphatidate/PA and regulates the respective levels of these two bioactive lipids (PubMed:2175712, PubMed:15544348). Thereby, acts as a central switch between the signaling pathways activated by these second messengers with different cellular targets and opposite effects in numerous biological processes (PubMed:2175712, PubMed:15544348). Also plays an important role in the biosynthesis of complex lipids (Probable). Can also phosphorylate 1-alkyl-2-acylglycerol in vitro as efficiently as diacylglycerol provided it contains an arachidonoyl group (PubMed:15544348). Also involved in the production of alkyl-lysophosphatidic acid, another bioactive lipid, through the phosphorylation of 1-alkyl-2-acetyl glycerol (PubMed:22627129).
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of ten enzymes that metabolize 1,2,diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PA). They all contain a conserved C'-terminal catalytic domain and two cysteine-rich Zn2+-finger motifs with varied regulatory domains.