Aliases for DFFA Gene
External Ids for DFFA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DFFA Gene
Apoptosis is a cell death process that removes toxic and/or useless cells during mammalian development. The apoptotic process is accompanied by shrinkage and fragmentation of the cells and nuclei and degradation of the chromosomal DNA into nucleosomal units. DNA fragmentation factor (DFF) is a heterodimeric protein of 40-kD (DFFB) and 45-kD (DFFA) subunits. DFFA is the substrate for caspase-3 and triggers DNA fragmentation during apoptosis. DFF becomes activated when DFFA is cleaved by caspase-3. The cleaved fragments of DFFA dissociate from DFFB, the active component of DFF. DFFB has been found to trigger both DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation during apoptosis. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DFFA Gene
DFFA (DNA Fragmentation Factor Subunit Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DFFA include Moyamoya Disease 1 and Chronic Dacryocystitis. Among its related pathways are Apoptotic cleavage of cellular proteins and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts. An important paralog of this gene is CIDEC.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DFFA Gene
Inhibitor of the caspase-activated DNase (DFF40).