Aliases for DES Gene
External Ids for DES Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DES Gene
This gene encodes a muscle-specific class III intermediate filament. Homopolymers of this protein form a stable intracytoplasmic filamentous network connecting myofibrils to each other and to the plasma membrane. Mutations in this gene are associated with desmin-related myopathy, a familial cardiac and skeletal myopathy (CSM), and with distal myopathies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DES Gene
DES (Desmin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DES include Myopathy, Myofibrillar, 1 and Scapuloperoneal Syndrome, Neurogenic, Kaeser Type. Among its related pathways are Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Lineage-specific Markers. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and structural constituent of cytoskeleton. An important paralog of this gene is VIM.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DES Gene
Muscle-specific type III intermediate filament essential for proper muscular structure and function. Plays a crucial role in maintaining the structure of sarcomeres, inter-connecting the Z-disks and forming the myofibrils, linking them not only to the sarcolemmal cytoskeleton, but also to the nucleus and mitochondria, thus providing strength for the muscle fiber during activity (PubMed:25358400). In adult striated muscle they form a fibrous network connecting myofibrils to each other and to the plasma membrane from the periphery of the Z-line structures (PubMed:24200904, PubMed:25394388, PubMed:26724190). May act as a sarcomeric microtubule-anchoring protein: specifically associates with detyrosinated tubulin-alpha chains, leading to buckled microtubules and mechanical resistance to contraction. Contributes to the transcriptional regulation of the NKX2-5 gene in cardiac progenitor cells during a short period of cardiomyogenesis and in cardiac side population stem cells in the adult. Plays a role in maintaining an optimal conformation of nebulette (NEB) on heart muscle sarcomeres to bind and recruit cardiac alpha-actin (By similarity).