Aliases for DES Gene
External Ids for DES Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DES Gene
This gene encodes a muscle-specific class III intermediate filament. Homopolymers of this protein form a stable intracytoplasmic filamentous network connecting myofibrils to each other and to the plasma membrane. Mutations in this gene are associated with desmin-related myopathy, a familial cardiac and skeletal myopathy (CSM), and with distal myopathies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DES Gene
DES (Desmin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DES include Myopathy, Myofibrillar, 1 and Scapuloperoneal Syndrome, Neurogenic, Kaeser Type. Among its related pathways are Cytoskeletal Signaling and Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and structural constituent of cytoskeleton. An important paralog of this gene is VIM.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DES Gene
Muscle-specific type III intermediate filament essential for proper muscular structure and function. Plays a crucial role in maintaining the structure of sarcomeres, inter-connecting the Z-disks and forming the myofibrils, linking them not only to the sarcolemmal cytoskeleton, but also to the nucleus and mitochondria, thus providing strength for the muscle fiber during activity (PubMed:25358400). In adult striated muscle they form a fibrous network connecting myofibrils to each other and to the plasma membrane from the periphery of the Z-line structures (PubMed:24200904, PubMed:25394388, PubMed:26724190). May act as a sarcomeric microtubule-anchoring protein: specifically associates with detyrosinated tubulin-alpha chains, leading to buckled microtubules and mechanical resistance to contraction. Contributes to the transcriptional regulation of the NKX2-5 gene in cardiac progenitor cells during a short period of cardiomyogenesis and in cardiac side population stem cells in the adult. Plays a role in maintaining an optimal conformation of nebulette (NEB) on heart muscle sarcomeres to bind and recruit cardiac alpha-actin (By similarity).