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Aliases for DCTD Gene

Aliases for DCTD Gene

  • DCMP Deaminase 2 3 4 5
  • EC 4 56

External Ids for DCTD Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DCTD Gene

  • GC04M184830
  • GC04M184491
  • GC04M184507
  • GC04M184186
  • GC04M184048
  • GC04M183811
  • GC04M179572

Summaries for DCTD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DCTD Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the deamination of dCMP to dUMP, the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthase. The encoded protein is allosterically activated by dCTP and inhibited by dTTP, and is found as a homohexamer. This protein uses zinc as a cofactor for its activity. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DCTD Gene

DCTD (DCMP Deaminase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DCTD include Glass Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Pyrimidine metabolism (KEGG) and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and dCMP deaminase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

  • Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase.

Additional gene information for DCTD Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DCTD Gene

Genomics for DCTD Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for DCTD Gene

Promoters and enhancers for DCTD Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH04I182915 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 565.4 +0.0 16 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 SMAD1 ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 ZNF766 GLIS2 DCTD ENSG00000272646
GH04I182916 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 550.8 +2.3 2340 0.1 DCTD ENSG00000272646
GH04I182879 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 16.8 +36.8 36763 2.4 ELF3 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 RAD21 THRB RARA THAP11 ENSG00000272646 GC04P182881 LOC105377576 DCTD
GH04I182895 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE 17.4 +22.0 21996 0.9 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 RXRA SP5 NFYC ZHX2 DCTD ENSG00000272646
GH04I182922 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 14.6 -5.5 -5483 2.8 FOXA2 RFX1 SCRT2 HMBOX1 FOS DCTD LOC105377577
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around DCTD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the DCTD gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for DCTD Gene

Genomic Locations for DCTD Gene
27,877 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DCTD Gene

Genes around DCTD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DCTD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DCTD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DCTD Gene

Proteins for DCTD Gene

  • Protein details for DCTD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Deoxycytidylate deaminase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R836
    • D3DP49
    • D3DP50
    • Q5M7Z8
    • Q9BVD8

    Protein attributes for DCTD Gene

    178 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20016 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homohexamer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for DCTD Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for DCTD Gene


neXtProt entry for DCTD Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DCTD Gene


Post-translational modifications for DCTD Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for DCTD Gene

Gene Families for DCTD Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DCTD Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase family.
  • Belongs to the cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DCTD: view

Function for DCTD Gene

Molecular function for DCTD Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
dCMP + H(2)O = dUMP + NH(3).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Allosteric enzyme whose activity is greatly influenced by the end products of its metabolic pathway, dCTP and dTTP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DCTD Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for DCTD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004132 dCMP deaminase activity IBA,IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 16189514
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DCTD: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for DCTD

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DCTD Gene

Localization for DCTD Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DCTD gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 3
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA,HDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

Pathways & Interactions for DCTD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DCTD: view

Pathways by source for DCTD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006220 pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process IEA,TAS 7685356
GO:0006226 dUMP biosynthetic process IBA --
GO:0006231 dTMP biosynthetic process IBA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009165 nucleotide biosynthetic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DCTD Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DCTD Gene

(12) Drugs for DCTD Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cytarabine Approved, Investigational Pharma Enzyme, substrate 1166
Gemcitabine Approved Pharma Ribonucleotide reductase and DNA synthesis inhibitor, Nucleoside Analogs 2100
Ammonia Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
dCMP Experimental Pharma 0

(10) Additional Compounds for DCTD Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 2'-Deoxy-5'-uridylate
  • 2'-Deoxy-5'-uridylic acid
  • 2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-monophosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-phosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyuridylate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DCTD: view

Transcripts for DCTD Gene

Unigene Clusters for DCTD Gene

DCMP deaminase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DCTD Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d · 10e ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - -
SP9: - - -
SP10: - - -

ExUns: 11 ^ 12

Relevant External Links for DCTD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DCTD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DCTD Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for DCTD Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DCTD Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DCTD Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DCTD Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DCTD Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
  • Lung(4.3)
  • Nervous system(3.9)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DCTD: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DCTD Gene

Orthologs for DCTD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for DCTD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DCTD 33 34
  • 97 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC607328 33
  • 88.26 (n)
  • 61 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DCTD 33 34
  • 87.64 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dctd 33 16 34
  • 86.67 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dctd 33
  • 86.11 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DCTD 34
  • 85 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DCTD 34
  • 82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DCTD 33 34
  • 78.41 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DCTD 34
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dctd 33
  • 76.86 (n)
Str.8923 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.8134 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dctd 33 34
  • 74.07 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008158 33
  • 63.73 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6951 35 33 34
  • 58.23 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ZK643.2 34
  • 31 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes DCD1 34 36
  • 14 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G48540 33
  • 54.83 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0765000 33
  • 53.41 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 65 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DCTD was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DCTD Gene

Gene Tree for DCTD (if available)
Gene Tree for DCTD (if available)

Paralogs for DCTD Gene

No data available for Paralogs for DCTD Gene

Variants for DCTD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DCTD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000018152 -- 182,895,766(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000060262 -- 182,908,055(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000078661 -- 182,911,692(-) C/T intron_variant
rs10001362 -- 182,893,669(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000205595 -- 182,896,155(-) C/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DCTD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv24217 CNV loss 19812545
esv2763419 CNV loss 21179565
nsv1016376 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1122094 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv949856 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for DCTD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 29.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.19; 4.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for DCTD Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

Disorders for DCTD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for DCTD Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
glass syndrome
  • glass
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DCTD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for DCTD

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DCTD: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DCTD Gene

Publications for DCTD Gene

  1. Chromosomal location and structural organization of the human deoxycytidylate deaminase gene. (PMID: 7642519) Weiner KX … Maley GF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 3 4 22 58
  2. Primary structure of human deoxycytidylate deaminase and overexpression of its functional protein in Escherichia coli. (PMID: 7685356) Weiner KX … Maley GF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1993) 3 4 22 58
  3. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of gemcitabine metabolic genes and pancreatic cancer survival and drug toxicity. (PMID: 20028759) Okazaki T … Li D (Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Gemcitabine metabolic and transporter gene polymorphisms are associated with drug toxicity and efficacy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. (PMID: 20665488) Tanaka M … Li D (Cancer 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Genetic factors influencing cytarabine therapy. (PMID: 19842938) Lamba JK (Pharmacogenomics 2009) 22 25 58

Products for DCTD Gene

Sources for DCTD Gene

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