Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for DCTD Gene

Aliases for DCTD Gene

  • DCMP Deaminase 2 3 4 5
  • Deoxycytidylate Deaminase 3
  • EC 3.5.4.12 4

External Ids for DCTD Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DCTD Gene

  • GC04M184830
  • GC04M184491
  • GC04M184507
  • GC04M184186
  • GC04M184048
  • GC04M183811
  • GC04M179572

Summaries for DCTD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DCTD Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the deamination of dCMP to dUMP, the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthase. The encoded protein is allosterically activated by dCTP and inhibited by dTTP, and is found as a homohexamer. This protein uses zinc as a cofactor for its activity. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DCTD Gene

DCTD (DCMP Deaminase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DCTD include Glass Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and dCMP deaminase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

  • Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase.

Additional gene information for DCTD Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DCTD Gene

Genomics for DCTD Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for DCTD Gene

Promoters and enhancers for DCTD Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH04J182915 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 665.4 +0.0 16 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF207 DCTD CDKN2AIP TRAPPC11 ENSG00000272646
GH04J182916 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 650.7 +2.3 2340 0.1 DCTD ENSG00000272646
GH04J182879 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 16.7 +36.8 36763 2.4 ELF3 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 RAD21 THRB RARA ZNF614 LOC105377576 GC04P182881 ENSG00000272646 DCTD
GH04J182895 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE 17.4 +22.0 21996 0.9 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 NFKBIZ RXRA SP5 NFYC DCTD ENSG00000272646
GH04J182897 Enhancer 1 ENCODE 10.8 +19.4 19412 1.8 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 ETS1 YY1 NFKBIZ RXRA SP5 DCTD ENSG00000272646
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around DCTD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the DCTD gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for DCTD Gene

Genomic Locations for DCTD Gene
chr4:182,890,060-182,917,936
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
27,877 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr4:183,811,213-183,839,089
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for DCTD Gene

Genes around DCTD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DCTD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DCTD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DCTD Gene

Proteins for DCTD Gene

  • Protein details for DCTD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P32321-DCTD_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Deoxycytidylate deaminase
    Protein Accession:
    P32321
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R836
    • D3DP49
    • D3DP50
    • Q5M7Z8
    • Q9BVD8

    Protein attributes for DCTD Gene

    Size:
    178 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20016 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homohexamer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for DCTD Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for DCTD Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DCTD Gene

Post-translational modifications for DCTD Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

  • Boster Bio Antibodies for DCTD
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for DCTD

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DCTD Gene

Domains & Families for DCTD Gene

Gene Families for DCTD Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DCTD Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P32321

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DCTD_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the cytidine and deoxycytidylate deaminase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DCTD: view

Function for DCTD Gene

Molecular function for DCTD Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
dCMP + H(2)O = dUMP + NH(3).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Allosteric enzyme whose activity is greatly influenced by the end products of its metabolic pathway, dCTP and dTTP.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DCTD Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for DCTD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004132 dCMP deaminase activity IEA,IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 16189514
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DCTD: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for DCTD

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for DCTD

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DCTD Gene

Localization for DCTD Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DCTD gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 3
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

Pathways & Interactions for DCTD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DCTD: view

Pathways by source for DCTD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DCTD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006220 pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process IEA,TAS 7685356
GO:0006226 dUMP biosynthetic process IBA --
GO:0006231 dTMP biosynthetic process IBA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009165 nucleotide biosynthetic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTD: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DCTD Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DCTD Gene

(13) Drugs for DCTD Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cytarabine Approved, Investigational Pharma Enzyme, substrate 1166
Gemcitabine Approved Pharma Ribonucleotide reductase and DNA synthesis inhibitor, Nucleoside Analogs 2100
Glycerol Approved, Investigational Pharma Target 175
Ammonia Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0

(10) Additional Compounds for DCTD Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
dUMP
  • 2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-monophosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-phosphate
  • Deoxyuridine 5'-phosphate
  • Deoxyuridine monophosphate
  • Deoxyuridylate
964-26-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DCTD: view

Transcripts for DCTD Gene

Unigene Clusters for DCTD Gene

DCMP deaminase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for DCTD

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DCTD Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d · 10e ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - - - -
SP9: - - -
SP10: - - -
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

ExUns: 11 ^ 12
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

Relevant External Links for DCTD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DCTD
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DCTD

Expression for DCTD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DCTD Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for DCTD Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for DCTD Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DCTD Gene:

DCTD

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DCTD Gene:

Hs.183850

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DCTD Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
  • Lung(4.3)
  • Nervous system(3.9)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DCTD: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DCTD Gene

Orthologs for DCTD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for DCTD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DCTD 34 33
  • 97 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC607328 33
  • 88.26 (n)
DCTD 34
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DCTD 34 33
  • 87.64 (n)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dctd 16 34 33
  • 86.67 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dctd 33
  • 86.11 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DCTD 34
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DCTD 34
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DCTD 34 33
  • 78.41 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DCTD 34
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dctd 33
  • 76.86 (n)
Str.8923 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.8134 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dctd 34 33
  • 74.07 (n)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008158 33
  • 63.73 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6951 34 35 33
  • 58.23 (n)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ZK643.2 34
  • 31 (a)
OneToOne
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes DCD1 36 34
  • 14 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G48540 33
  • 54.83 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0765000 33
  • 53.41 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for DCTD was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DCTD Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DCTD (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DCTD (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for DCTD: view image

Paralogs for DCTD Gene

No data available for Paralogs for DCTD Gene

Variants for DCTD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DCTD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000018152 -- 182,895,766(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000060262 -- 182,908,055(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000078661 -- 182,911,692(-) C/T intron_variant
rs10001362 -- 182,893,669(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000205595 -- 182,896,155(-) C/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DCTD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv24217 CNV loss 19812545
esv2763419 CNV loss 21179565
nsv1016376 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1122094 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv949856 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for DCTD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 29.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.19; 4.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for DCTD Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
DCTD
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
DCTD

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTD Gene

Disorders for DCTD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for DCTD Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
glass syndrome
  • glass
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DCTD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for DCTD

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DCTD: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DCTD Gene

Publications for DCTD Gene

  1. Chromosomal location and structural organization of the human deoxycytidylate deaminase gene. (PMID: 7642519) Weiner KX … Maley GF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 3 4 22 58
  2. Primary structure of human deoxycytidylate deaminase and overexpression of its functional protein in Escherichia coli. (PMID: 7685356) Weiner KX … Maley GF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1993) 3 4 22 58
  3. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of gemcitabine metabolic genes and pancreatic cancer survival and drug toxicity. (PMID: 20028759) Okazaki T … Li D (Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Gemcitabine metabolic and transporter gene polymorphisms are associated with drug toxicity and efficacy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. (PMID: 20665488) Tanaka M … Li D (Cancer 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Genetic factors influencing cytarabine therapy. (PMID: 19842938) Lamba JK (Pharmacogenomics 2009) 22 25 58

Products for DCTD Gene

Sources for DCTD Gene

Content
Loading form....