Aliases for CFI Gene
External Ids for CFI Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CFI Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CFI Gene
This gene encodes a serine proteinase that is essential for regulating the complement cascade. The encoded preproprotein is cleaved to produce both heavy and light chains, which are linked by disulfide bonds to form a heterodimeric glycoprotein. This heterodimer can cleave and inactivate the complement components C4b and C3b, and it prevents the assembly of the C3 and C5 convertase enzymes. Defects in this gene cause complement factor I deficiency, an autosomal recessive disease associated with a susceptibility to pyogenic infections. Mutations in this gene have been associated with a predisposition to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, a disease characterized by acute renal failure, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Primary glomerulonephritis with immune deposits and age-related macular degeneration are other conditions associated with mutations of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
GeneCards Summary for CFI Gene
CFI (Complement Factor I) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CFI include Complement Factor I Deficiency and Macular Degeneration, Age-Related, 13. Among its related pathways are Immune response Lectin induced complement pathway and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and scavenger receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000285330.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CFI Gene
Trypsin-like serine protease that plays an essential role in regulating the immune response by controlling all complement pathways. Inhibits these pathways by cleaving three peptide bonds in the alpha-chain of C3b and two bonds in the alpha-chain of C4b thereby inactivating these proteins (PubMed:7360115, PubMed:17320177). Essential cofactors for these reactions include factor H and C4BP in the fluid phase and membrane cofactor protein/CD46 and CR1 on cell surfaces (PubMed:2141838, PubMed:9605165, PubMed:12055245). The presence of these cofactors on healthy cells allows degradation of deposited C3b by CFI in order to prevent undesired complement activation, while in apoptotic cells or microbes, the absence of such cofactors leads to C3b-mediated complement activation and subsequent opsonization (PubMed:28671664).