Aliases for CYSLTR1 Gene
External Ids for CYSLTR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYSLTR1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. The encoded protein is a receptor for cysteinyl leukotrienes, and is involved in mediating bronchoconstriction via activation of a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Activation of the encoded receptor results in contraction and proliferation of bronchial smooth muscle cells, eosinophil migration, and damage to the mucus layer in the lung. Upregulation of this gene is associated with asthma and dysregulation may also be implicated in cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
GeneCards Summary for CYSLTR1 Gene
CYSLTR1 (Cysteinyl Leukotriene Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYSLTR1 include Asthma and Adenoid Hypertrophy. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and DAG and IP3 signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and leukotriene receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CYSLTR2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CYSLTR1 Gene
Receptor for cysteinyl leukotrienes mediating bronchoconstriction of individuals with and without asthma. Stimulation by LTD4 results in the contraction and proliferation of smooth muscle, edema, eosinophil migration and damage to the mucus layer in the lung. This response is mediated via a G-protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The rank order of affinities for the leukotrienes is LTD4 >> LTE4 = LTC4 >> LTB4.
Leukotriene and related receptors are activated by the endogenous ligands leukotriene (LT) B4, LTC4, LTD4, LTE4 and 12-HETE. Leukotrienes are lipid mediators synthesized from arachidonic acid by lipoxygenase enzymes. They are important in inflammatory signaling pathways.