Aliases for CYP2W1 Gene
External Ids for CYP2W1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYP2W1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP2W1 Gene
CYP2W1 (Cytochrome P450 Family 2 Subfamily W Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen. An important paralog of this gene is CYP2D6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CYP2W1 Gene
A cytochrome P450 monooxygenase that may play a role in retinoid and phospholipid metabolism (PubMed:22591743, PubMed:26936974). Catalyzes the hydroxylation of saturated carbon hydrogen bonds. Hydroxylates all trans-retinoic acid (atRA) to 4-hydroxyretinoate and may regulate atRA clearance. Other retinoids such as all-trans retinol and all-trans retinal are potential endogenous substrates (PubMed:26936974). Catalyzes both epoxidation of double bonds and hydroxylation of carbon hydrogen bonds of the fatty acyl chain of 1-acylphospholipids/2-lysophospholipids. Can metabolize various lysophospholipids classes including lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs), lysophosphatidylinositols (LPIs), lysophosphatidylserines (LPSs), lysophosphatidylglycerols (LPGs), lysophosphatidylethanolamines (LPEs) and lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) (PubMed:22591743). Has low or no activity toward 2-acylphospholipids/1-lysophospholipids, diacylphospholipids and free fatty acids (PubMed:26936974, PubMed:22591743). May play a role in tumorigenesis by activating procarcinogens such as aflatoxin B1, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dihydrodiols and aromatic amines (PubMed:20805301, PubMed:16551781, PubMed:24278521). Mechanistically, uses molecular oxygen inserting one oxygen atom into a substrate, and reducing the second into a water molecule, with two electrons provided by NADPH via cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR; NADPH-ferrihemoprotein reductase) (PubMed:22591743, PubMed:26936974).