Aliases for CYP2U1 Gene
External Ids for CYP2U1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CYP2U1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYP2U1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme is a hydroxylase that metabolizes arachidonic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and other long chain fatty acids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP2U1 Gene
CYP2U1 (Cytochrome P450 Family 2 Subfamily U Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP2U1 include Spastic Paraplegia 56, Autosomal Recessive and Paraplegia. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen. An important paralog of this gene is CYP2R1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CYP2U1 Gene
A cytochrome P450 monooxygenase involved in the metabolism of arachidonic acid and its conjugates (PubMed:14660610, PubMed:24563460). Mechanistically, uses molecular oxygen inserting one oxygen atom into a substrate, and reducing the second into a water molecule, with two electrons provided by NADPH via cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR; NADPH-ferrihemoprotein reductase) (PubMed:14660610, PubMed:24563460). Acts as an omega and omega-1 hydroxylase for arachidonic acid and possibly for other long chain fatty acids. May modulate the arachidonic acid signaling pathway and play a role in other fatty acid signaling processes (PubMed:14660610, PubMed:24563460). May downregulate the biological activities of N-arachidonoyl-serotonin, an endocannabinoid that has anti-nociceptive effects through inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase FAAH, TRPV1 receptor and T-type calcium channels. Catalyzes C-2 oxidation of the indole ring of N-arachidonoyl-serotonin forming a less active product 2-oxo-N-arachidonoyl-serotonin (PubMed:24563460).