Aliases for CYP2E1 Gene
External Ids for CYP2E1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CYP2E1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYP2E1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is induced by ethanol, the diabetic state, and starvation. The enzyme metabolizes both endogenous substrates, such as ethanol, acetone, and acetal, as well as exogenous substrates including benzene, carbon tetrachloride, ethylene glycol, and nitrosamines which are premutagens found in cigarette smoke. Due to its many substrates, this enzyme may be involved in such varied processes as gluconeogenesis, hepatic cirrhosis, diabetes, and cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP2E1 Gene
CYP2E1 (Cytochrome P450 Family 2 Subfamily E Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP2E1 include Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis and Fatty Liver Disease. Among its related pathways are Zidovudine Pathway, Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics and Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and iron ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is CYP2C18.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CYP2E1 Gene
A cytochrome P450 monooxygenase involved in the metabolism of fatty acids (PubMed:10553002, PubMed:18577768). Mechanistically, uses molecular oxygen inserting one oxygen atom into a substrate, and reducing the second into a water molecule, with two electrons provided by NADPH via cytochrome P450 reductase (NADPH--hemoprotein reductase) (PubMed:10553002, PubMed:18577768). Catalyzes the hydroxylation of carbon-hydrogen bonds. Hydroxylates fatty acids specifically at the omega-1 position displaying the highest catalytic activity for saturated fatty acids (PubMed:10553002, PubMed:18577768). May be involved in the oxidative metabolism of xenobiotics (Probable).