This gene encodes a small heme protein that functions as a central component of the electron transport chain in mitochondria. The encoded protein associates with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion where it accepts electrons from cytochrome b and transfers them to the cytochrome oxidase complex. This protein is also involved in initiation of apoptosis. Mutations in this gen... See more...

Aliases for CYCS Gene

Aliases for CYCS Gene

  • Cytochrome C, Somatic 2 3 5
  • CYC 2 3 4
  • Cytochrome C 3 4
  • HCS 2 3
  • THC4 3
  • CYCS 5

External Ids for CYCS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYCS Gene

  • GC07M024801
  • GC07M024900
  • GC07M024931
  • GC07M025124
  • GC07M025158

Summaries for CYCS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CYCS Gene

  • This gene encodes a small heme protein that functions as a central component of the electron transport chain in mitochondria. The encoded protein associates with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion where it accepts electrons from cytochrome b and transfers them to the cytochrome oxidase complex. This protein is also involved in initiation of apoptosis. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic thrombocytopenia. Numerous processed pseudogenes of this gene are found throughout the human genome.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

GeneCards Summary for CYCS Gene

CYCS (Cytochrome C, Somatic) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYCS include Thrombocytopenia 4 and Autosomal Thrombocytopenia With Normal Platelets. Among its related pathways are Granzyme Pathway and Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and electron transfer activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CYCS Gene

  • Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain.
  • Plays a role in apoptosis. Suppression of the anti-apoptotic members or activation of the pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family leads to altered mitochondrial membrane permeability resulting in release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Binding of cytochrome c to Apaf-1 triggers the activation of caspase-9, which then accelerates apoptosis by activating other caspases.

Gene Wiki entry for CYCS Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for CYCS Gene

Genomics for CYCS Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for CYCS Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07J025123 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 259.4 -0.2 -168 4.9 BCLAF1 SP1 ZNF207 IKZF1 ZNF600 MYC SIX5 JUND ATF2 POLR2A CYCS lnc-MPP6-4 GSDME OSBPL3 C7orf31 lnc-MPP6-1
GH07J025149 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 10.2 -24.4 -24441 1.4 NFIC YY1 ZNF316 PKNOX1 FOXM1 TAF1 ZBTB33 CTCF ZNF143 SOX6 CYCS OSBPL3 piR-41405-063 piR-45470 C7orf31 lnc-MPP6-1
GH07J025116 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE 5.3 +7.6 7639 2.3 BCLAF1 POLR2A BCL11A REST ZNF592 TRIM22 NR2C1 SAP130 IRF4 ZNF316 HSALNG0056741 CYCS HSALNG0056740 lnc-MPP6-1 OSBPL3
GH07J025132 Enhancer 0.5 Ensembl 5.8 -8.4 -8441 3.4 CEBPA FOXA1 GABPA FOXA2 ZNF316 SPI1 GABPB1 FOXA3 EMSY piR-45470 piR-61123 CYCS C7orf31 lnc-MPP6-1
GH07J025142 Enhancer 0.3 Ensembl 10.2 -17.3 -17341 1.2 CREB1 CYCS piR-45470 piR-41405-063 C7orf31 lnc-MPP6-1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around CYCS on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for CYCS

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CYCS gene promoter:
  • AML1a
  • GR
  • GR-alpha
  • HOXA9
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • Pax-4a
  • POU2F1
  • POU2F1a
  • RelA

Genomic Locations for CYCS Gene

Latest Assembly
chr7:25,118,656-25,125,260
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
6,605 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
chr7:25,158,275-25,164,879
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
6,605 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

chr7:25,159,710-25,164,980
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
5,271 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CYCS Gene

Genes around CYCS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CYCS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CYCS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CYCS Gene

Proteins for CYCS Gene

  • Protein details for CYCS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P99999-CYC_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Cytochrome c
    Protein Accession:
    P99999
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D166
    • B2R4I1
    • P00001
    • Q6NUR2
    • Q6NX69
    • Q96BV4

    Protein attributes for CYCS Gene

    Size:
    105 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    11749 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CYCS Gene

neXtProt entry for CYCS Gene

Post-translational modifications for CYCS Gene

  • Binds 1 heme group per subunit.
  • Phosphorylation at Tyr-49 and Tyr-98 both reduce by half the turnover in the reaction with cytochrome c oxidase, down-regulating mitochondrial respiration.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys40 and Lys80
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CYCS Gene

Antibodies for research

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CYCS Gene

Domains & Families for CYCS Gene

Gene Families for CYCS Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for CYCS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CYCS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Cytochrome c (CYC_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P99999

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CYC_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the cytochrome c family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the cytochrome c family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CYCS: view

Function for CYCS Gene

Molecular function for CYCS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a role in apoptosis. Suppression of the anti-apoptotic members or activation of the pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family leads to altered mitochondrial membrane permeability resulting in release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Binding of cytochrome c to Apaf-1 triggers the activation of caspase-9, which then accelerates apoptosis by activating other caspases.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for CYCS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CYCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004722 contributes_to protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity TAS 8206937
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9267021
GO:0009055 electron transfer activity IEA --
GO:0020037 heme binding IEA,TAS 9515723
GO:0045155 electron transporter, transferring electrons from CoQH2-cytochrome c reductase complex and cytochrome c oxidase complex activity IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CYCS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CYCS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CYCS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for CYCS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CYCS:

miRNA for CYCS Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CYCS

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CYCS

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CYCS Gene

Localization for CYCS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYCS Gene

Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Note=Loosely associated with the inner membrane.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CYCS gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 3
extracellular 3
cytoskeleton 3
endoplasmic reticulum 3
lysosome 3
peroxisome 2
endosome 2
golgi apparatus 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CYCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000159 protein phosphatase type 2A complex TAS 8206937
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA,IDA 12107093
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005758 mitochondrial intermembrane space IEA,TAS 8689682
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CYCS: view

Pathways & Interactions for CYCS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CYCS: view

Pathways by source for CYCS Gene

10 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathways for CYCS Gene
  • Apoptosis and survival Anti-apoptotic action of membrane-bound ESR1
  • Apoptosis and survival BAD phosphorylation
  • Apoptosis and survival Caspase cascade
  • Apoptosis and survival FAS signaling cascades
  • Apoptosis and survival Lymphotoxin-beta receptor signaling
29 Qiagen pathways for CYCS Gene
  • 14-3-3 Induced Apoptosis
  • AIF Pathway
  • all-trans-Retinoic Acid Mediated Apoptosis
  • Apoptosis through Death Receptors
  • Apoptotic Pathways Triggered By HIV1
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for CYCS Gene
2 GeneTex pathways for CYCS Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for CYCS Gene

Activates:
Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CYCS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006122 mitochondrial electron transport, ubiquinol to cytochrome c IBA 21873635
GO:0006123 mitochondrial electron transport, cytochrome c to oxygen IBA 21873635
GO:0006470 protein dephosphorylation IEA --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0007005 mitochondrion organization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CYCS: view

Drugs & Compounds for CYCS Gene

(69) Drugs for CYCS Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Minocycline Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, negative modulator 240
Dihydroartemisinin Approved, Experimental, Investigational Pharma Target, ligand 123
Imidazole Experimental, Investigational Pharma Target 66
Ferroheme C Experimental Pharma Target 0
Protoporphyrin Ix Containing Co Experimental Pharma Target 0

(76) Additional Compounds for CYCS Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(1) ApexBio Compounds for CYCS Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cytochrome c - pigeon (88-104) Triggers T Cell response 86579-06-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CYCS: view

Drug products for research

Transcripts for CYCS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CYCS Gene

1 REFSEQ mRNAs :
32 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
4 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CYCS

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CYCS Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CYCS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CYCS

Expression for CYCS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for CYCS Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CYCS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart - Left Ventricle (x5.4) and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CYCS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (6.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for CYCS Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CYCS Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for CYCS

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CYCS Gene:

Hs.437060

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CYCS Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Heart(4.9)
  • Liver(4.9)
  • Kidney(4.8)
  • Skin(4.4)
  • Muscle(4.4)
  • Lung(4.2)
  • Intestine(4)
  • Blood(3.6)
  • Eye(3.4)
  • Adrenal gland(3.2)
  • Stomach(3.1)
  • Spleen(3)
  • Pancreas(3)
  • Lymph node(3)
  • Bone marrow(3)
  • Thyroid gland(2.8)
  • Bone(2.7)
  • Gall bladder(2.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CYCS Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • integumentary
  • skeleton
Regions:
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CYCS: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CYCS Gene

Orthologs for CYCS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for CYCS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CYCS 30
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CYCS 29 30
  • 90.79 (n)
ManyToMany
-- 30
  • 90 (a)
ManyToMany
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cycs 29 16
  • 90.48 (n)
Gm10108 30
  • 90 (a)
ManyToMany
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 30
  • 90 (a)
OneToMany
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CYCS 29 30
  • 89.84 (n)
OneToMany
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cycs 29
  • 89.21 (n)
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 30
  • 87 (a)
OneToMany
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CYC 30
  • 88 (a)
OneToMany
CYCS 29
  • 81.59 (n)
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 30
  • 86 (a)
OneToMany
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cycs 29
  • 75.32 (n)
MGC75709 29
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cycsa 30
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
-- 29
Rainbow Trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.8580 29
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Cyt-c-p 29 30
  • 71.9 (n)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009537 29
  • 69.93 (n)
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cyc-2.1 29 30
  • 60.88 (n)
ManyToMany
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CYC1 29 30 32
  • 65.35 (n)
ManyToMany
CYC7 30
  • 54 (a)
ManyToMany
A. gosspyii yeast
(Eremothecium gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR360W 29
  • 60.73 (n)
K. Lactis Yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F16929g 29
  • 60.73 (n)
Soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.10771 29
Barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.3294 29
Corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.15923 29
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4826 30
  • 65 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 30
  • 63 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for CYCS was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CYCS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CYCS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CYCS (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for CYCS: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for CYCS

Paralogs for CYCS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CYCS: view

No data available for Paralogs for CYCS Gene

Variants for CYCS Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for CYCS Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
1032049 Uncertain Significance: Thrombocytopenia 4 25,123,852(-) A/G
NM_018947.6(CYCS):c.170-3T>C
INTRON
988874 Likely Pathogenic: Thrombocytopenia; Abnormal bleeding 25,123,965(-) G/A
NM_018947.6(CYCS):c.155C>T (p.Ala52Val)
MISSENSE
rs11267038 Benign: Thrombocytopenia 4; not specified 25,124,125(-) A/C
NM_018947.5(CYCS):c.-6T>G
rs113653188 Likely Benign: Thrombocytopenia 25,118,975(-) CTAT/C
NM_018947.5(CYCS):c.*4723_*4725del
THREE_PRIME_UTR
rs11427893 Likely Benign: Thrombocytopenia. Uncertain Significance: Thrombocytopenia 25,122,022(-) C/CAC/CAAA
NM_018947.5(CYCS):c.*1678dup
THREE_PRIME_UTR

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for CYCS Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CYCS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv606424 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7393 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv970453 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for CYCS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 51.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.24; 5.36% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for CYCS Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CYCS
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CYCS
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)
CYCS

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYCS Gene

Disorders for CYCS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(87) MalaCards diseases for CYCS Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CYC_HUMAN
  • Thrombocytopenia 4 (THC4) [MIM:612004]: Thrombocytopenia is defined by a decrease in the number of platelets in circulating blood, resulting in the potential for increased bleeding and decreased ability for clotting. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18345000}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for CYCS

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
Atlas
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CYCS: view

No data available for Genatlas for CYCS Gene

Publications for CYCS Gene

  1. A mutation of human cytochrome c enhances the intrinsic apoptotic pathway but causes only thrombocytopenia. (PMID: 18345000) Morison IM … Ledgerwood EC (Nature genetics 2008) 3 4 72
  2. Cytochrome c release upon Fas receptor activation depends on translocation of full-length bid and the induction of the mitochondrial permeability transition. (PMID: 11790791) Tafani M … Farber JL (The Journal of biological chemistry 2002) 2 3 22
  3. Cytochrome c in the apoptotic and antioxidant cascades. (PMID: 9515723) Skulachev VP (FEBS letters 1998) 3 4 22
  4. A novel CYCS mutation in the α-helix of the CYCS C-terminal domain causes non-syndromic thrombocytopenia. (PMID: 30051457) Uchiyama Y … Mizuguchi T (Clinical genetics 2018) 3 72
  5. Mutations of cytochrome c identified in patients with thrombocytopenia THC4 affect both apoptosis and cellular bioenergetics. (PMID: 24326104) De Rocco D … Savoia A (Biochimica et biophysica acta 2014) 3 72

Products for CYCS Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for CYCS

Sources for CYCS Gene