Aliases for CXCL11 Gene
External Ids for CXCL11 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CXCL11 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CXCL11 Gene
Chemokines are a group of small (approximately 8 to 14 kD), mostly basic, structurally related molecules that regulate cell trafficking of various types of leukocytes through interactions with a subset of 7-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptors. Chemokines also play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as well as on endothelial cells involved in angiogenesis or angiostasis. Chemokines are divided into 2 major subfamilies, CXC and CC. This antimicrobial gene is a CXC member of the chemokine superfamily. Its encoded protein induces a chemotactic response in activated T-cells and is the dominant ligand for CXC receptor-3. The gene encoding this protein contains 4 exons and at least three polyadenylation signals which might reflect cell-specific regulation of expression. IFN-gamma is a potent inducer of transcription of this gene. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CXCL11 Gene
CXCL11 (C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 11) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CXCL11 include Nasal Cavity Cancer and Nasal Cavity Adenocarcinoma. Among its related pathways are CCR5 Pathway in Macrophages and CXCR3-mediated signaling events. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include heparin binding and CXCR3 chemokine receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is CXCL9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CXCL11 Gene
Chemotactic for interleukin-activated T-cells but not unstimulated T-cells, neutrophils or monocytes. Induces calcium release in activated T-cells. Binds to CXCR3. May play an important role in CNS diseases which involve T-cell recruitment. May play a role in skin immune responses.