Aliases for CX3CL1 Gene
External Ids for CX3CL1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CX3CL1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CX3CL1 Gene
This gene belongs to the CX3C subgroup of chemokines, characterized by the number of amino acids located between the conserved cysteine residues. This is the only member of the CX3C subgroup, which contains three amino acids between cysteine residues, resulting in a Cys-X-X-X-Cys configuration. The encoded protein contains an extended mucin-like stalk with a chemokine domain on top, and exists in both a membrane-anchored form where it acts as a binding molecule, or, in soluble form, as a chemotactic cytokine. The mature form of this protein can be cleaved at the cell surface, yielding different soluble forms that can interact with the G-protein coupled receptor, C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1 gene product. This gene plays a role in a wide range of diseases, including cancer, vasculitis, neuropathies, atherosclerosis, inflammatory diseases, and in human immunodeficiency virus infections. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2017]
GeneCards Summary for CX3CL1 Gene
CX3CL1 (C-X3-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CX3CL1 include Pityriasis Rosea and Vasculitis. Among its related pathways are CCR5 Pathway in Macrophages and Direct p53 effectors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and chemokine activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCL21.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CX3CL1 Gene
Acts as a ligand for both CX3CR1 and integrins. Binds to CX3CR1 (PubMed:23125415, PubMed:9931005, PubMed:21829356). Binds to integrins ITGAV:ITGB3 and ITGA4:ITGB1. Can activate integrins in both a CX3CR1-dependent and CX3CR1-independent manner. In the presence of CX3CR1, activates integrins by binding to the classical ligand-binding site (site 1) in integrins. In the absence of CX3CR1, binds to a second site (site 2) in integrins which is distinct from site 1 and enhances the binding of other integrin ligands to site 1 (PubMed:23125415, PubMed:24789099). The soluble form is chemotactic for T-cells and monocytes and not for neutrophils. The membrane-bound form promotes adhesion of those leukocytes to endothelial cells. May play a role in regulating leukocyte adhesion and migration processes at the endothelium (PubMed:9024663, PubMed:9177350).