External Ids for CUL7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CUL7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CUL7 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a component of an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex. The encoded protein interacts with TP53, CUL9, and FBXW8 proteins. Defects in this gene are a cause of 3M syndrome type 1 (3M1). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]
GeneCards Summary for CUL7 Gene
CUL7 (Cullin 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CUL7 include Three M Syndrome 1 and Dubowitz Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and ubiquitin protein ligase binding. An important paralog of this gene is CUL9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CUL7 Gene
Core component of the 3M and Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complexes, which mediates the ubiquitination of target proteins. Core component of the 3M complex, a complex required to regulate microtubule dynamics and genome integrity. It is unclear how the 3M complex regulates microtubules, it could act by controlling the level of a microtubule stabilizer (PubMed:24793695). Interaction with CUL9 is required to inhibit CUL9 activity and ubiquitination of BIRC5 (PubMed:24793696). Core component of a Cul7-RING ubiquitin-protein ligase with FBXW8, which mediates ubiquitination and consequent degradation of target proteins such as GORASP1, IRS1 and MAP4K1/HPK1 (PubMed:21572988, PubMed:24362026). Ubiquitination of GORASP1 regulates Golgi morphogenesis and dendrite patterning in brain (PubMed:21572988). Mediates ubiquitination and degradation of IRS1 in a mTOR-dependent manner: the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex recognizes and binds IRS1 previously phosphorylated by S6 kinase (RPS6KB1 or RPS6KB2) (PubMed:18498745). The Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex also mediates ubiquitination of MAP4K1/HPK1: recognizes and binds autophosphorylated MAP4K1/HPK1, leading to its degradation, thereby affecting cell proliferation and differentiation (PubMed:24362026). Acts as a regulator in trophoblast cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition and placental development (PubMed:20139075). Does not promote polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of p53/TP53 (PubMed:16547496, PubMed:17332328). While the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) and the 3M complexes are associated and involved in common processes, CUL7 and the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex may be have additional functions.