External Ids for CUL4A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CUL4A Gene
CUL4A is the ubiquitin ligase component of a multimeric complex involved in the degradation of DNA damage-response proteins (Liu et al., 2009 [PubMed 19481525]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for CUL4A Gene
CUL4A (Cullin 4A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CUL4A include Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group E and Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Variant Type. Among its related pathways are Transcription-Coupled Nucleotide Excision Repair (TC-NER) and Nucleotide excision repair. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin protein ligase binding. An important paralog of this gene is CUL4B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CUL4A Gene
Core component of multiple cullin-RING-based E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes which mediate the ubiquitination of target proteins. As a scaffold protein may contribute to catalysis through positioning of the substrate and the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. The E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of the complex is dependent on the neddylation of the cullin subunit and is inhibited by the association of the deneddylated cullin subunit with TIP120A/CAND1. The functional specificity of the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex depends on the variable substrate recognition component. DCX(DET1-COP1) directs ubiquitination of JUN. DCX(DDB2) directs ubiquitination of XPC. DCX(DDB2) ubiquitinates histones H3-H4 and is required for efficient histone deposition during replication-coupled (H3.1) and replication-independent (H3.3) nucleosome assembly, probably by facilitating the transfer of H3 from ASF1A/ASF1B to other chaperones involved in histone deposition. DCX(DTL) plays a role in PCNA-dependent polyubiquitination of CDT1 and MDM2-dependent ubiquitination of TP53 in response to radiation-induced DNA damage and during DNA replication. In association with DDB1 and SKP2 probably is involved in ubiquitination of CDKN1B/p27kip. Is involved in ubiquitination of HOXA9. DCX(DTL) directs autoubiquitination of DTL. The DDB1-CUL4A-DTL E3 ligase complex regulates the circadian clock function by mediating the ubiquitination and degradation of CRY1 (PubMed:26431207). With CUL4B, contributes to ribosome biogenesis (PubMed:26711351).