Aliases for CTR9 Gene
External Ids for CTR9 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CTR9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTR9 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the PAF1 complex, which associates with RNA polymerase II and functions in transcriptional regulation and elongation. This complex also plays a role in the modification of histones. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2016]
GeneCards Summary for CTR9 Gene
CTR9 (CTR9 Homolog, Paf1/RNA Polymerase II Complex Component) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTR9 include Hereditary Wilms' Tumor and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Of Bone. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Chromatin Regulation / Acetylation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include SH2 domain binding and RNA polymerase II complex binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CTR9 Gene
Component of the PAF1 complex (PAF1C) which has multiple functions during transcription by RNA polymerase II and is implicated in regulation of development and maintenance of embryonic stem cell pluripotency. PAF1C associates with RNA polymerase II through interaction with POLR2A CTD non-phosphorylated and 'Ser-2'- and 'Ser-5'-phosphorylated forms and is involved in transcriptional elongation, acting both indepentently and synergistically with TCEA1 and in cooperation with the DSIF complex and HTATSF1. PAF1C is required for transcription of Hox and Wnt target genes. PAF1C is involved in hematopoiesis and stimulates transcriptional activity of KMT2A/MLL1; it promotes leukemogenesis through association with KMT2A/MLL1-rearranged oncoproteins, such as KMT2A/MLL1-MLLT3/AF9 and KMT2A/MLL1-MLLT1/ENL. PAF1C is involved in histone modifications such as ubiquitination of histone H2B and methylation on histone H3 'Lys-4' (H3K4me3). PAF1C recruits the RNF20/40 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex and the E2 enzyme UBE2A or UBE2B to chromatin which mediate monoubiquitination of 'Lys-120' of histone H2B (H2BK120ub1); UB2A/B-mediated H2B ubiquitination is proposed to be coupled to transcription. PAF1C is involved in mRNA 3' end formation probably through association with cleavage and poly(A) factors. In case of infection by influenza A strain H3N2, PAF1C associates with viral NS1 protein, thereby regulating gene transcription. Required for mono- and trimethylation on histone H3 'Lys-4' (H3K4me3) and dimethylation on histone H3 'Lys-79' (H3K4me3). Required for Hox gene transcription. Required for the trimethylation of histone H3 'Lys-4' (H3K4me3) on genes involved in stem cell pluripotency; this function is synergistic with CXXC1 indicative for an involvement of the SET1 complex. Involved in transcriptional regulation of IL6-responsive genes and in JAK-STAT pathway; may regulate DNA-association of STAT3 (By similarity).