Aliases for CTCFL Gene
External Ids for CTCFL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTCFL Gene
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), an 11-zinc-finger factor involved in gene regulation, utilizes different zinc fingers to bind varying DNA target sites. CTCF forms methylation-sensitive insulators that regulate X-chromosome inactivation. This gene is a paralog of CTCF and appears to be expressed primarily in the cytoplasm of spermatocytes, unlike CTCF which is expressed primarily in the nucleus of somatic cells. CTCF and the protein encoded by this gene are normally expressed in a mutually exclusive pattern that correlates with resetting of methylation marks during male germ cell differentiation. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]
GeneCards Summary for CTCFL Gene
CTCFL (CCCTC-Binding Factor Like) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTCFL include Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 21 and Spherocytosis, Type 4. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is CTCF.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CTCFL Gene
Testis-specific DNA binding protein responsible for insulator function, nuclear architecture and transcriptional control, which probably acts by recruiting epigenetic chromatin modifiers. Plays a key role in gene imprinting in male germline, by participating in the establishment of differential methylation at the IGF2/H19 imprinted control region (ICR). Directly binds the unmethylated H19 ICR and recruits the PRMT7 methyltransferase, leading to methylate histone H4 'Arg-3' to form H4R3sme2. This probably leads to recruit de novo DNA methyltransferases at these sites (By similarity). Seems to act as tumor suppressor. In association with DNMT1 and DNMT3B, involved in activation of BAG1 gene expression by binding to its promoter. Required for dimethylation of H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me2) of MYC and BRCA1 promoters.