Aliases for CST1 Gene
External Ids for CST1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CST1 Gene
The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions, where they appear to provide protective functions. The cystatin locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes a cysteine proteinase inhibitor found in saliva, tears, urine, and seminal fluid. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CST1 Gene
CST1 (Cystatin SN) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CST1 include Dental Caries. Among its related pathways are Salivary secretion. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CST4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CST1 Gene
Human saliva appears to contain several cysteine proteinase inhibitors that are immunologically related to cystatin S but that differ in their specificity due to amino acid sequence differences. Cystatin SN, with a pI of 7.5, is a much better inhibitor of papain and dipeptidyl peptidase I than is cystatin S, although both inhibit ficin equally well.