Aliases for CSRP3 Gene
External Ids for CSRP3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSRP3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the CSRP family of LIM domain proteins, which may be involved in regulatory processes important for development and cellular differentiation. The LIM/double zinc-finger motif found in this protein is found in a group of proteins with critical functions in gene regulation, cell growth, and somatic differentiation. Mutations in this gene are thought to cause heritable forms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans. Alternatively spliced transcript variants with different 5' UTR, but encoding the same protein, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CSRP3 Gene
CSRP3 (Cysteine And Glycine Rich Protein 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CSRP3 include Cardiomyopathy, Familial Hypertrophic, 12 and Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, 1M. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of muscle and telethonin binding. An important paralog of this gene is CSRP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CSRP3 Gene
Positive regulator of myogenesis. Acts as cofactor for myogenic bHLH transcription factors such as MYOD1, and probably MYOG and MYF6. Enhances the DNA-binding activity of the MYOD1:TCF3 isoform E47 complex and may promote formation of a functional MYOD1:TCF3 isoform E47:MEF2A complex involved in myogenesis (By similarity). Plays a crucial and specific role in the organization of cytosolic structures in cardiomyocytes. Could play a role in mechanical stretch sensing. May be a scaffold protein that promotes the assembly of interacting proteins at Z-line structures. It is essential for calcineurin anchorage to the Z line. Required for stress-induced calcineurin-NFAT activation (By similarity). The role in regulation of cytoskeleton dynamics by association with CFL2 is reported conflictingly: Shown to enhance CFL2-mediated F-actin depolymerization dependent on the CSRP3:CFL2 molecular ratio, and also shown to reduce the ability of CLF1 and CFL2 to enhance actin depolymerization (PubMed:19752190, PubMed:24934443). Proposed to contribute to the maintenance of muscle cell integerity through an actin-based mechanism. Can directly bind to actin filaments, cross-link actin filaments into bundles without polarity selectivity and protect them from dilution- and cofilin-mediated depolymerization; the function seems to involve its self-association (PubMed:24934443). In vitro can inhibit PKC/PRKCA activity (PubMed:27353086). Proposed to be involved in cardiac stress signaling by down-regulating excessive PKC/PRKCA signaling (By similarity).
Isoform 2: May play a role in early sarcomere organization. Overexpression in myotubes negatively regulates myotube differentiation. By association with isoform 1 and thus changing the CSRP3 isoform 1:CFL2 stoichiometry is proposed to down-regulate CFL2-mediated F-actin depolymerization.