Aliases for CSNK2B Gene
External Ids for CSNK2B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSNK2B Gene
This gene encodes the beta subunit of casein kinase II, a ubiquitous protein kinase which regulates metabolic pathways, signal transduction, transcription, translation, and replication. The enzyme is composed of three subunits, alpha, alpha prime and beta, which form a tetrameric holoenzyme. The alpha and alpha prime subunits are catalytic, while the beta subunit serves regulatory functions. The enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]
GeneCards Summary for CSNK2B Gene
CSNK2B (Casein Kinase 2 Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CSNK2B include Poirier-Bienvenu Neurodevelopmental Syndrome and Autosomal Dominant Non-Syndromic Intellectual Disability. Among its related pathways are Adherens junction and Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and signaling receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CSNK2B Gene
Regulatory subunit of casein kinase II/CK2. As part of the kinase complex regulates the basal catalytic activity of the alpha subunit a constitutively active serine/threonine-protein kinase that phosphorylates a large number of substrates containing acidic residues C-terminal to the phosphorylated serine or threonine (PubMed:11239457, PubMed:16818610). Participates in Wnt signaling (By similarity).
Casein kinase II (CK2) is a constitutively active, ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine protein kinase thought to have a regulatory function in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. CK2 functions as a tetrameric complex with 2 regulatory and 2 catalytic subunits.