Aliases for CSGALNACT1 Gene
External Ids for CSGALNACT1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSGALNACT1 Gene
This gene encodes an enzyme that transfers N-acetylglucosamine (GalNAc) to the core tetrasaccharide linker and to elongating chondroitin sulfate chains in proteoglycans. Knockout of the orthologous mouse gene indicates that the protein is necessary for normal cartilage development and aggrecan metabolism. Mutations in this gene are associated with multiple sclerosis progression, and with mild skeletal dysplasia and joint laxity. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for CSGALNACT1 Gene
CSGALNACT1 (Chondroitin Sulfate N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CSGALNACT1 include Multiple Sclerosis. Among its related pathways are Glycosaminoglycan metabolism and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include glucuronosyltransferase activity and glucuronosyl-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CSGALNACT2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSGALNACT1 Gene
Transfers 1,4-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) from UDP-GalNAc to the non-reducing end of glucuronic acid (GlcUA). Required for addition of the first GalNAc to the core tetrasaccharide linker and for elongation of chondroitin chains. Important role in chondroitin chain biosynthesis in cartilage formation and subsequent endochondral ossification (PubMed:11788602, PubMed:12163485, PubMed:12446672, PubMed:17145758). Moreover, is involved in the metabolism of aggrecan (By similarity).