Aliases for CSAD Gene
External Ids for CSAD Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSAD Gene
This gene encodes a member of the group 2 decarboxylase family. A similar protein in rodents plays a role in multiple biological processes as the rate-limiting enzyme in taurine biosynthesis, catalyzing the decarboxylation of cysteinesulfinate to hypotaurine. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]
GeneCards Summary for CSAD Gene
CSAD (Cysteine Sulfinic Acid Decarboxylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CSAD include Disuse Amblyopia and Stiff-Person Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism and Viral mRNA Translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include pyridoxal phosphate binding and carboxy-lyase activity. An important paralog of this gene is GADL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSAD Gene
Catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-aspartate, 3-sulfino-L-alanine (cysteine sulfinic acid), and L-cysteate to beta-alanine, hypotaurine and taurine, respectively. The preferred substrate is 3-sulfino-L-alanine. Does not exhibit any decarboxylation activity toward glutamate.