Aliases for CRYZ Gene
External Ids for CRYZ Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CRYZ Gene
Crystallins are separated into two classes: taxon-specific, or enzyme, and ubiquitous. The latter class constitutes the major proteins of vertebrate eye lens and maintains the transparency and refractive index of the lens. The former class is also called phylogenetically-restricted crystallins. This gene encodes a taxon-specific crystallin protein which has NADPH-dependent quinone reductase activity distinct from other known quinone reductases. It lacks alcohol dehydrogenase activity although by similarity it is considered a member of the zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase family. Unlike other mammalian species, in humans, lens expression is low. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. One pseudogene is known to exist. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CRYZ Gene
CRYZ (Crystallin Zeta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CRYZ include Cardiomyopathy, Familial Hypertrophic, 2 and Danubian Endemic Familial Nephropathy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and mRNA 3-UTR binding. An important paralog of this gene is VAT1L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CRYZ Gene
Does not have alcohol dehydrogenase activity. Binds NADP and acts through a one-electron transfer process. Orthoquinones, such as 1,2-naphthoquinone or 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, are the best substrates (in vitro). May act in the detoxification of xenobiotics. Interacts with (AU)-rich elements (ARE) in the 3-UTR of target mRNA species. Enhances the stability of mRNA coding for BCL2. NADPH binding interferes with mRNA binding.