Aliases for CR1 Gene
External Ids for CR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CR1 Gene
This gene is a member of the receptors of complement activation (RCA) family and is located in the 'cluster RCA' region of chromosome 1. The genome is polymorphic at this locus with allele-specific splice variants encoding different isoforms, based on the presence/absence of long homologous repeats (LHRs). The gene encodes a monomeric single-pass type I membrane glycoprotein found on erythrocytes, leukocytes, glomerular podocytes, and splenic follicular dendritic cells. The Knops blood group system is a system of antigens located on this protein. The protein mediates cellular binding to particles and immune complexes that have activated complement. Decreases in expression of this protein and/or mutations in this gene have been associated with gallbladder carcinomas, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis and Alzheimer's disease. Mutations in this gene have also been associated with a reduction in Plasmodium falciparum rosetting, conferring protection against severe malaria. [provided by RefSeq, May 2020]
GeneCards Summary for CR1 Gene
CR1 (Complement C3b/C4b Receptor 1 (Knops Blood Group)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CR1 include Malaria and Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria. Among its related pathways are Complement and coagulation cascades and Immune response Lectin induced complement pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include complement component C3b binding and complement component C4b receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CR1L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CR1 Gene
Membrane immune adherence receptor that plays a critical role in the capture and clearance of complement-opsonized pathogens by erythrocytes and monocytes/macrophages (PubMed:2963069). Mediates the binding by these cells of particles and immune complexes that have activated complement to eliminate them from the circulation (PubMed:2963069). Acts also in the inhibition of spontaneous complement activation by impairing the formation and function of the alternative and classical pathway C3/C5 convertases, and by serving as a cofactor for the cleavage by factor I of C3b to iC3b, C3c and C3d,g, and of C4b to C4c and C4d (PubMed:2972794, PubMed:8175757). Plays also a role in immune regulation by contributing, upon ligand binding, to the generation of regulatory T cells from activated helper T cells (PubMed:25742728).
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for Epstein-Barr virus.