The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear protein which is transported to the mitochondrial inner membrane. Together with carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, the encoded protein oxidizes long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria. Defects in this gene are associated with mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid (LCFA) oxidation disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] See more...

Aliases for CPT2 Gene

Aliases for CPT2 Gene

  • Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 2 2 3 5
  • Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase II 2 3 4
  • Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase 2, Mitochondrial 3 4
  • EC 2.3.1.21 4 50
  • CPTASE 2 3
  • CPT II 3 4
  • CPT1 3 4
  • Testicular Secretory Protein Li 13 3
  • IIAE4 3
  • CPT2 5

External Ids for CPT2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CPT2 Gene

  • CPT1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CPT2 Gene

  • GC01P053297
  • GC01P052551
  • GC01P053020
  • GC01P053032
  • GC01P053374
  • GC01P053434
  • GC01P053662
  • GC01P051777

Summaries for CPT2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CPT2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear protein which is transported to the mitochondrial inner membrane. Together with carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, the encoded protein oxidizes long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria. Defects in this gene are associated with mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid (LCFA) oxidation disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CPT2 Gene

CPT2 (Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CPT2 include Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase Ii Deficiency, Infantile and Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase Ii Deficiency, Myopathic, Stress-Induced. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and AMPK Enzyme Complex Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring acyl groups and carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CPT1B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CPT2 Gene

  • Involved in the intramitochondrial synthesis of acylcarnitines from accumulated acyl-CoA metabolites (PubMed:20538056, PubMed:24780397). Reconverts acylcarnitines back into the respective acyl-CoA esters that can then undergo beta-oxidation, an essential step for the mitochondrial uptake of long-chain fatty acids and their subsequent beta-oxidation in the mitochondrion. Active with medium (C8-C12) and long-chain (C14-C18) acyl-CoA esters (PubMed:20538056).

Gene Wiki entry for CPT2 Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for CPT2 Gene

Genomics for CPT2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for CPT2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01J053195 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 256.2 +0.5 455 3.6 ZNF207 ZNF600 IKZF1 SSRP1 POLR2A CEBPA ATF3 CHD4 YY1 NONO CPT2 CZIB HSALNG0003676
GH01J053237 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 5.1 +41.5 41508 2.6 BCLAF1 SP1 ZNF207 NCOR1 MYC ZNF600 SIX5 ZNF580 ZNF592 ATF2 MAGOH HSALNG0003681 LOC100507564 CZIB NDC1 CYB5RL TUT4 ENSG00000230953 SSBP3-AS1 ENSG00000236723
GH01J053162 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl 11 -33.5 -33491 1 NCOR1 IKZF1 CEBPA ARNT NBN TAL1 ZNF316 NFE2 MAFK PRDM10 lnc-CPT2-1 SLC1A7 CPT2 PODN
GH01J053245 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 +49.8 49816 1.6 BCLAF1 SP1 BCL11A MAFK ATF2 BHLHE40 ARID3A TBL1XR1 SPI1 CREM CZIB CPT2 ENSG00000232762 HSALNG0003683 lnc-LRP8-4 MAGOH LOC100507564 LRP8
GH01J053154 Enhancer 0.6 dbSUPER 10.4 -41.0 -41021 3.4 CEBPA ZNF10 CEBPB TEAD3 KAT7 NFE2 TFAP4 IKZF5 CEBPG HLF CPT2 SLC1A7 PODN lnc-CPT2-1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around CPT2 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for CPT2

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CPT2 gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • AREB6
  • c-Fos
  • c-Jun
  • FosB
  • HTF
  • Lhx3a
  • LHX3b
  • POU2F1
  • POU2F1a

Genomic Locations for CPT2 Gene

Latest Assembly
chr1:53,196,792-53,214,197
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
17,406 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Previous Assembly
chr1:53,662,496-53,679,869
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
17,374 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

chr1:53,662,101-53,679,869
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
17,769 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CPT2 Gene

Genes around CPT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CPT2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CPT2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CPT2 Gene

Proteins for CPT2 Gene

  • Protein details for CPT2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P23786-CPT2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    P23786
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R6S0
    • Q5SW68
    • Q9BQ26

    Protein attributes for CPT2 Gene

    Size:
    658 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    73777 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for CPT2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for CPT2 Gene

P23786:
  • LGGFAPVV
  • WIGCNVSSY
  • FHLNPAKSDT
  • AQLAFQM
  • ATYESCSTAAFKHGRTET
  • PWFDMYL
  • FQMAFLRQYG
  • KVDSAVFCLCLDDFP
  • VNAYPLDMSQYFRLFN
  • DRHLFAL
  • SIVPTMHYQDSLPRLPIPKLEDT
  • QAHLKYIL
  • NKHTSYIS
  • FDVLDQDGNIV
  • VLNFNPF
  • RWFDKSF
  • RATNMTVSA

Post-translational modifications for CPT2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for CPT2 Gene

Gene Families for CPT2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for CPT2 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
  • Acyltransferase ChoActase/COT/CPT

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CPT2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P23786

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CPT2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the carnitine/choline acetyltransferase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the carnitine/choline acetyltransferase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CPT2: view

Function for CPT2 Gene

Molecular function for CPT2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the intramitochondrial synthesis of acylcarnitines from accumulated acyl-CoA metabolites (PubMed:20538056, PubMed:24780397). Reconverts acylcarnitines back into the respective acyl-CoA esters that can then undergo beta-oxidation, an essential step for the mitochondrial uptake of long-chain fatty acids and their subsequent beta-oxidation in the mitochondrion. Active with medium (C8-C12) and long-chain (C14-C18) acyl-CoA esters (PubMed:20538056).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + hexadecanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-hexadecanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:12661, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:17490, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57379; EC=2.3.1.21; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24780397};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + octanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-octanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:17177, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:18102, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57386; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + decanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-decanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44828, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:28717, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:61430; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + dodecanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-dodecanoyl-R-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:40279, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57375, ChEBI:CHEBI:77086; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + tetradecanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-tetradecanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44832, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57385, ChEBI:CHEBI:84634; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + octadecanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-octadecanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44840, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57394, ChEBI:CHEBI:84644; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + eicosanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-eicosanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44844, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57380, ChEBI:CHEBI:84645; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(9Z)-tetradecenoyl-CoA + (R)-carnitine = CoA + O-(9Z)-tetradecenoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44848, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:65060, ChEBI:CHEBI:84647; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(5Z)-tetradecenoyl-CoA + (R)-carnitine = CoA + O-(5Z)-tetradecenoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44852, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:84649, ChEBI:CHEBI:84650; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(9Z)-octadecenoyl-CoA + (R)-carnitine = CoA + O-(9Z)-octadecenoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44856, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57387, ChEBI:CHEBI:84651; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=(R)-carnitine + 4,8-dimethylnonanoyl-CoA = CoA + O-4,8-dimethylnonanoyl-(R)-carnitine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:44860, ChEBI:CHEBI:16347, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:77061, ChEBI:CHEBI:84654; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=7.1 uM for hexadecanoyl-CoA {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056}; KM=8.1 uM for trans-2-hexadecanoyl-CoA {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056}; Vmax=1156 pmol/min/mg enzyme toward {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056}; Vmax=77 pmol/min/mg enzyme toward trans-2-hexadecanoyl-CoA {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20538056};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Inhibited by trans-2-hexadecanoyl-CoA.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
carnitine palmitoyltransferase of the inner mitochondrial membrane 2,liver isoform,malonyl CoA insensitive,converting palmitoylcarnitine into palmitoyl-CoA (palmitoyl-CoA shuttle system)

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CPT2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for CPT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004095 carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase activity EXP,NAS 1988962
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 32296183
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016746 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups IEA,IDA 20538056
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPT2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CPT2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CPT2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for CPT2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CPT2:
  • Cpt2 Cpt2<tm1b(KOMP)Wtsi>

miRNA for CPT2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CPT2

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CPT2

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CPT2 Gene

Localization for CPT2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CPT2 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane. Peripheral membrane protein. Matrix side.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CPT2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
peroxisome 3
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
endosome 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Mitochondria (3)
  • Nucleoli (1)
  • Nucleoplasm (1)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPT2: view

Pathways & Interactions for CPT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CPT2: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P23786-CPT2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Lipid metabolism; fatty acid beta-oxidation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001676 long-chain fatty acid metabolic process IDA 20538056
GO:0001701 in utero embryonic development IEA --
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006635 fatty acid beta-oxidation IBA,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPT2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CPT2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CPT2 Gene

(25) Drugs for CPT2 Gene - From: DrugBank, ClinicalTrials, ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Perhexiline Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, inhibitor 9
L-Carnitine Approved, Investigational Pharma Target 0
Glycerol Approved, Investigational Pharma 207
lauric acid Approved, Experimental Pharma 0
Capric acid Experimental Pharma 0

(22) Additional Compounds for CPT2 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
4,8 Dimethylnonanoyl carnitine
  • 4,8-Dimethylnonanoylcarnitine
Caproic acid
  • 1-Hexanoic acid
  • 1-Pentanecarboxylic acid
  • 6:0
  • Butylacetic acid
  • C6:0
142-62-1
hexadecanoyl-CoA
  • coenzyme A, S-Hexadecanoate
  • Palmitoyl coenzyme A
  • S-Palmitoylcoenzyme A
  • coenzyme A, S-Hexadecanoic acid
  • Hexadecanoyl-CoA
L-Palmitoylcarnitine
  • (3R)-3-(Hexadecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
  • (3R)-3-Palmitoyloxy-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate
  • Hexadecanoyl-L-carnitine
  • Hexadecanoylcarnitine
  • Hexadecenoyl carnitine
2364-67-2
Palmityl-CoA
  • Hexadecanoyl CoA
  • Hexadecanoyl coenzyme A
  • Palmitoyl CoA
  • Palmitoyl coenzyme A
  • Palmitoyl-CoA
1763-10-6

(1) ApexBio Compounds for CPT2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Etomoxir (CPT)-1 and DGAT activity inhibitor 124083-20-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CPT2: view

Drug products for research

Transcripts for CPT2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CPT2 Gene

2 REFSEQ mRNAs :
8 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
12 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CPT2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CPT2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5
SP1: -
SP2:
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for CPT2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CPT2

Expression for CPT2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for CPT2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CPT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CPT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (7.4) and Nasal epithelium (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for CPT2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CPT2 Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for CPT2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CPT2 Gene:

Hs.713535

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CPT2 Gene

  • Liver(4.7)
  • Skin(4.4)
  • Heart(3.3)
  • Nervous system(3.2)
  • Muscle(2.9)
  • Kidney(2.7)
  • Blood(2.6)
  • Pancreas(2.3)
  • Intestine(2.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CPT2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • ear
  • eye
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • mouth
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
Thorax:
  • breast
  • diaphragm
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
Abdomen:
  • adrenal gland
  • biliary tract
  • kidney
  • liver
  • stomach
Pelvis:
  • ureter
  • urinary bladder
  • uterus
Limb:
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • toe
  • upper limb
General:
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
  • sweat gland
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CPT2: view

Primer products for research

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CPT2 Gene

Orthologs for CPT2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for CPT2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CPT2 29 30
  • 99.44 (n)
OneToOne
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CPT2 29 30
  • 88.8 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CPT2 29 30
  • 88.05 (n)
OneToOne
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cpt2 29 16 30
  • 86.32 (n)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cpt2 29
  • 85.01 (n)
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CPT2 30
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CPT2 30
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CPT2 29 30
  • 72.92 (n)
OneToOne
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CPT2 30
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cpt2 29
  • 69.34 (n)
MGC76152 29
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia cg2107-prov 29
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cpt2 29 30
  • 67.19 (n)
OneToOne
-- 29
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008907 29
  • 54.71 (n)
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2107 29 30 31
  • 53.43 (n)
OneToOne
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cpt-2 29 30
  • 50.55 (n)
OneToOne
A. gosspyii yeast
(Eremothecium gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AER224W 29
  • 46.47 (n)
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes YAT1 29 30 32
  • 45.6 (n)
OneToOne
K. Lactis Yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C04169g 29
  • 44.15 (n)
Bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01611 29
  • 49.4 (n)
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 30
  • 42 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for CPT2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CPT2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CPT2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CPT2 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for CPT2: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for CPT2

Paralogs for CPT2 Gene

Paralogs for CPT2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for CPT2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

  • CPT2_HUMAN

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for CPT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CPT2: view

Variants for CPT2 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for CPT2 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
1001663 Uncertain Significance: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency 53,196,969(+) C/T
NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.26C>T (p.Ala9Val)
MISSENSE
1002319 Uncertain Significance: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency 53,211,326(+) C/T
NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.1645+7C>T
INTRON
1010976 Uncertain Significance: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency 53,202,435(+) T/C
NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.340+6T>C
INTRON
1011764 Uncertain Significance: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency 53,210,205(+) C/A
NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.531C>A (p.His177Gln)
MISSENSE
1013238 Likely Pathogenic: not provided 53,211,259(+) C/T
NM_000098.3(CPT2):c.1585C>T (p.Gln529Ter)
NONSENSE,INTRON

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for CPT2 Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CPT2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2422213 CNV duplication 17116639
nsv1001535 CNV gain 25217958
nsv829871 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for CPT2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 77.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.08; 87.64% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for CPT2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CPT2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CPT2
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)
CPT2

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CPT2 Gene

Disorders for CPT2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(41) MalaCards diseases for CPT2 Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency, infantile
  • carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency with hypoketotic hypoglycemia
carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency, myopathic, stress-induced
  • carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency, myopathic
carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency, lethal neonatal
  • carnitine palmitoyltransferase ii deficiency, neonatal
encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced 4
  • encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced, susceptibility to, 4
autonomic dysfunction
  • autonomic disorder
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CPT2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CPT2_HUMAN
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 deficiency, myopathic, stress-induced (CPT2D) [MIM:255110]: An autosomal recessive disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation, characterized by recurrent myoglobinuria, episodes of muscle pain, stiffness, and rhabdomyolysis. These symptoms are exacerbated by prolonged exercise, fasting, cold, or viral infection. CPT2DM affects most frequently children or young adults, and severity of attacks is highly variable. Myoglobinuria can cause kidney failure and death. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10090476, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11477613, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14605500, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14615409, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1528846, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15489334, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15622536, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24780397, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7711730, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8358442, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8651281, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9600456, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9758712, ECO:0000269 Ref.14, ECO:0000269 Ref.18}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 deficiency, infantile (CPT2DI) [MIM:600649]: An autosomal recessive disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation, characterized by hepatic or hepato-cardio-muscular manifestations with onset in infancy. Clinical features include hypoketotic hypoglycemia, lethargy, seizures, hepatomegaly, liver dysfunction, cardiomegaly and dilated cardiomyopathy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:1528846, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8651281}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 deficiency, lethal neonatal (CPT2DLN) [MIM:608836]: An autosomal recessive disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation with fatal outcome, presenting shortly after birth. It is characterized by respiratory distress, seizures, altered mental status, hepatomegaly, cardiomegaly, cardiac arrhythmia, and, in many cases, dysmorphic features, renal dysgenesis, and migration defects. recessive. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11477613}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced, 4 (IIAE4) [MIM:614212]: A severe neurologic complication of an infection. It manifests within days in otherwise healthy children after common viral infections, without evidence of viral infection of the brain or inflammatory cell infiltration. In affected children, high-grade fever is accompanied within 12 to 48 hours by febrile convulsions, often leading to coma, multiple-organ failure, brain edema, and high morbidity and mortality. The infections are usually viral, particularly influenza, although other viruses and even mycoplasma have been found to cause the disorder. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15811315, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21697855}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variants affecting the gene represented in this entry. CPT2 polymorphic variants do not cause classical carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 deficiency, and patients harboring any of them are asymptomatic most of the time. However, they are prone to viral infection (high fever)-related encephalopathy (PubMed:21697855). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21697855}.

Genatlas disease for CPT2 Gene

non ketotic hypoglycemia,liver failure,cardiomyopathy,peripheral myopathy in infant with severe outcome,and,in adult,myopathy with cramps,stiffness and myoglobinuria triggered by exercice,fasting and other metabolic stresses

Additional Disease Information for CPT2

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
Atlas
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CPT2: view

Publications for CPT2 Gene

  1. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency: structure of the gene and characterization of two novel disease-causing mutations. (PMID: 7711730) Verderio E … Taroni F (Human molecular genetics 1995) 3 4 22 72
  2. Thermal instability of compound variants of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II and impaired mitochondrial fuel utilization in influenza-associated encephalopathy. (PMID: 18306170) Yao D … Kido H (Human mutation 2008) 3 4 22
  3. Fuel utilization in subjects with carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 gene mutations. (PMID: 15622536) Ørngreen MC … Vissing J (Annals of neurology 2005) 3 4 22
  4. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency: a clinical, biochemical, and molecular review. (PMID: 14615409) Sigauke E … Bennett MJ (Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology 2003) 3 4 22
  5. Mutation and biochemical analysis in carnitine palmitoyltransferase type II (CPT II) deficiency. (PMID: 14605500) Olpin SE … Pollitt RJ (Journal of inherited metabolic disease 2003) 3 4 22

Products for CPT2 Gene

Sources for CPT2 Gene