Aliases for CPT2 Gene
External Ids for CPT2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CPT2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CPT2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear protein which is transported to the mitochondrial inner membrane. Together with carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, the encoded protein oxidizes long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria. Defects in this gene are associated with mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid (LCFA) oxidation disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CPT2 Gene
CPT2 (Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CPT2 include Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase Ii Deficiency, Infantile and Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase Ii Deficiency, Myopathic, Stress-Induced. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and AMPK Enzyme Complex Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring acyl groups and carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CPT1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CPT2 Gene
Involved in the intramitochondrial synthesis of acylcarnitines from accumulated acyl-CoA metabolites (PubMed:20538056, PubMed:24780397). Reconverts acylcarnitines back into the respective acyl-CoA esters that can then undergo beta-oxidation, an essential step for the mitochondrial uptake of long-chain fatty acids and their subsequent beta-oxidation in the mitochondrion. Active with medium (C8-C12) and long-chain (C14-C18) acyl-CoA esters (PubMed:20538056).