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Aliases for CPAMD8 Gene

Aliases for CPAMD8 Gene

  • C3 And PZP Like, Alpha-2-Macroglobulin Domain Containing 8 2 3 5
  • C3 And PZP-Like Alpha-2-Macroglobulin Domain-Containing Protein 8 3
  • Alpha-2 Macroglobulin Family Protein VIP 3
  • KIAA1283 4
  • ASGD8 3
  • K-CAP 3
  • VIP 3

External Ids for CPAMD8 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CPAMD8 Gene

  • GC19M016866
  • GC19M016867
  • GC19M017003
  • GC07P009820

Summaries for CPAMD8 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CPAMD8 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the protease inhibitor I39 (alpha-2-macroglobulin) family of proteins. These proteins are important in innate and acquired immunity. The encoded protein is membrane-associated and proteolytically processed to generate two chains. Mutations in this gene cause a form of anterior segment dysgenesis, a developmental disorder of the eye. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]

GeneCards Summary for CPAMD8 Gene

CPAMD8 (C3 And PZP Like, Alpha-2-Macroglobulin Domain Containing 8) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CPAMD8 include Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 8 and Anterior Segment Dysgenesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity and endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CD109.

Additional gene information for CPAMD8 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CPAMD8 Gene

Genomics for CPAMD8 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for CPAMD8 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for CPAMD8 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19J017026 Promoter/Enhancer 1.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 660.3 +0.0 17 0.4 ZNF335 KLF1 CPAMD8 ENSG00000268985
GH19J017024 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 657.5 +1.2 1169 1.8 KLF1 ZNF335 ZFHX2 KLF9 RCOR1 FOS ZSCAN29 EGR2 CPAMD8 ENSG00000268985
GH19J017072 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.2 -50.4 -50436 8.6 CLOCK ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 ZFP41 HAUS8 MYO9B GC19M017078 ENSG00000269578 CHERP COLGALT1 SIN3B ENSG00000269044 MVB12A MED26
GH19J016956 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 26.9 +69.7 69730 1.8 MZF1 FEZF1 ZBTB40 ZNF335 ZNF398 ZNF843 ZNF217 PRDM6 ZSCAN16 GLIS1 CPAMD8 ENSG00000269578 MVB12A HAUS8 ENSG00000268087 COLGALT1 TPM4 ENSG00000267904 PLVAP RAB8A
GH19J017239 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.5 -218.2 -218198 10.4 MLX DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 ZNF263 MEF2D SSRP1 GLIS1 NR2F6 GC19M017243 CHERP ENSG00000267904 ENSG00000269578 ENSG00000268087 ENSG00000268743 MVB12A GTPBP3 C19orf44
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around CPAMD8 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for CPAMD8 Gene

Genomic Locations for CPAMD8 Gene
133,872 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CPAMD8 Gene

Genes around CPAMD8 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CPAMD8 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CPAMD8 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CPAMD8 Gene

Proteins for CPAMD8 Gene

  • Protein details for CPAMD8 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 8
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8NC09
    • Q9ULD7

    Protein attributes for CPAMD8 Gene

    1885 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    206702 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with heparin.
    • Sequence=BAC11400.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for CPAMD8 Gene


neXtProt entry for CPAMD8 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CPAMD8 Gene

  • Proteolytically cleaved into 2 chains of about 70 and 130 kDa. The fragments are not connected by disulfide bonds.
  • Glycosylation at posLast=14391439, posLast=757757, posLast=267267, posLast=190190, and Asn117
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CPAMD8 Gene

Domains & Families for CPAMD8 Gene

Gene Families for CPAMD8 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CPAMD8 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the protease inhibitor I39 (alpha-2-macroglobulin) family.
  • Belongs to the protease inhibitor I39 (alpha-2-macroglobulin) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CPAMD8: view

Function for CPAMD8 Gene

Molecular function for CPAMD8 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by IL1B/interleukin-1 beta and IL6/interleukin-6.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for CPAMD8 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CPAMD8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004866 endopeptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
GO:0004867 serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
GO:0030414 peptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPAMD8: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CPAMD8: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CPAMD8 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for CPAMD8 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CPAMD8

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CPAMD8

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CPAMD8 Gene

Localization for CPAMD8 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CPAMD8 Gene

Secreted. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Extracellular side.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CPAMD8 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 4
extracellular 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CPAMD8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPAMD8: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for CPAMD8 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CPAMD8 Gene

SuperPathways for CPAMD8 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CPAMD8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001654 eye development IMP 27839872
GO:0010466 negative regulation of peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0010951 negative regulation of endopeptidase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CPAMD8: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for CPAMD8 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CPAMD8 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for CPAMD8 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CPAMD8 Gene

C3 and PZP-like, alpha-2-macroglobulin domain containing 8:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CPAMD8

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CPAMD8 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CPAMD8 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CPAMD8 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for CPAMD8 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CPAMD8 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Prostate (x6.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CPAMD8 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Vitreous humor (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for CPAMD8 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CPAMD8 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CPAMD8 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CPAMD8 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CPAMD8 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in the kidney, brain and testis and to a lower extent in heart, liver and small intestine (PubMed:15177561). Expressed in the lens, cornea and retina. Strongly expressed in the distal tips of the retinal neuroepithelium that form the iris and ciliary body (PubMed:27839872).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CPAMD8 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
  • Eye(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CPAMD8: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CPAMD8 Gene

Orthologs for CPAMD8 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CPAMD8 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC455828 33
  • 96.5 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CPAMD8 34 33
  • 85.57 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CPAMD8 34 33
  • 85.49 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CPAMD8 34
  • 70 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CPAMD8 34
  • 66 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CPAMD8 34 33
  • 70.05 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CPAMD8 34
  • 69 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cpamd8 33
  • 64.08 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cpamd8 33
  • 65.67 (n)
  • 63 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Mcr 34
  • 21 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 44 (a)
Species where no ortholog for CPAMD8 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CPAMD8 Gene

Gene Tree for CPAMD8 (if available)
Gene Tree for CPAMD8 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for CPAMD8: view image

Paralogs for CPAMD8 Gene

Paralogs for CPAMD8 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for CPAMD8 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

  • F8W7D1_HUMAN
  • M0R0Z5_HUMAN
  • M0R3G7_HUMAN
  • Q6NVW5_HUMAN Pseudogenes for CPAMD8 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CPAMD8: view

Variants for CPAMD8 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CPAMD8 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1057519340 pathogenic, Anterior segment dysgenesis 8 16,904,267(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs369858688 pathogenic, Anterior segment dysgenesis 8 16,903,624(-) C/T splice_acceptor_variant
rs756064750 pathogenic, Anterior segment dysgenesis 8 16,970,893(-) GGGGGGG/GGGGGG/GGGGGGGG coding_sequence_variant, frameshift
rs869025231 uncertain-significance, Ductal breast carcinoma 16,906,964(-) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
VAR_077933 Anterior segment dysgenesis 8 (ASGD8) [MIM:617319] p.Ser1404Pro

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CPAMD8 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1990e59 CNV duplication 20981092
esv1011304 CNV loss 20482838
esv2669422 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2675257 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2718270 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2718271 CNV deletion 23290073
esv29414 CNV loss 19812545
esv32733 CNV gain 17666407
esv3353965 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3556111 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3556112 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3583265 CNV loss 25503493
esv3643805 CNV loss 21293372
esv3643806 CNV loss 21293372
esv3643807 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1078434 CNV duplication 25765185
nsv1118818 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1136280 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1148866 CNV duplication 26484159
nsv2426 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv472179 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv519740 CNV gain+loss 19592680
nsv578736 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for CPAMD8 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 98.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 14.40; 96.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for CPAMD8 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CPAMD8 Gene

Disorders for CPAMD8 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for CPAMD8 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, Swiss-Prot, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
anterior segment dysgenesis 8
  • asgd8
anterior segment dysgenesis
  • anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Anterior segment dysgenesis 8 (ASGD8) [MIM:617319]: A form of anterior segment dysgenesis, a group of defects affecting anterior structures of the eye including cornea, iris, lens, trabecular meshwork, and Schlemm canal. Anterior segment dysgeneses result from abnormal migration or differentiation of the neural crest derived mesenchymal cells that give rise to components of the anterior chamber during eye development. Different anterior segment anomalies may exist alone or in combination, including iris hypoplasia, enlarged or reduced corneal diameter, corneal vascularization and opacity, posterior embryotoxon, corectopia, polycoria, abnormal iridocorneal angle, ectopia lentis, and anterior synechiae between the iris and posterior corneal surface. Clinical conditions falling within the phenotypic spectrum of anterior segment dysgeneses include aniridia, Axenfeld anomaly, Reiger anomaly/syndrome, Peters anomaly, and iridogoniodysgenesis. ASGD8 patients predominantly manifest iris and lens abnormalities, in the absence of retinal abnormalities or extra-ocular features. ASGD8 transmission pattern is consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:27839872}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for CPAMD8

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CPAMD8: view

No data available for Genatlas for CPAMD8 Gene

Publications for CPAMD8 Gene

  1. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XV. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 10574462) Nagase T … Ohara O (DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1999) 2 3 4 58
  2. Mutations in CPAMD8 Cause a Unique Form of Autosomal-Recessive Anterior Segment Dysgenesis. (PMID: 27839872) Cheong SS … Hardcastle AJ (American journal of human genetics 2016) 3 4 58
  3. Variation at the NFATC2 locus increases the risk of thiazolidinedione-induced edema in the Diabetes REduction Assessment with ramipril and rosiglitazone Medication (DREAM) study. (PMID: 20628086) Bailey SD … DREAM investigators (Diabetes care 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Genome-wide association analysis of susceptibility and clinical phenotype in multiple sclerosis. (PMID: 19010793) Baranzini SE … Oksenberg JR (Human molecular genetics 2009) 3 44 58
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58

Products for CPAMD8 Gene

Sources for CPAMD8 Gene

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