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Aliases for COLQ Gene

Aliases for COLQ Gene

  • Collagen Like Tail Subunit Of Asymmetric Acetylcholinesterase 2 3 5
  • Acetylcholinesterase-Associated Collagen 2 3 4
  • AChE Q Subunit 2 3 4
  • Collagen-Like Tail Subunit (Single Strand Of Homotrimer) Of Asymmetric Acetylcholinesterase 2 3
  • Single Strand Of Homotrimeric Collagen-Like Tail Subunit Of Asymmetric Acetylcholinesterase 2 3
  • Collagenic Tail Of Endplate Acetylcholinesterase 2 3
  • Acetylcholinesterase Collagenic Tail Peptide 3
  • CMS5 3
  • EAD 3

External Ids for COLQ Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for COLQ Gene

  • GC03M015420
  • GC03M015466
  • GC03M015491
  • GC03M015426

Summaries for COLQ Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for COLQ Gene

  • This gene encodes the subunit of a collagen-like molecule associated with acetylcholinesterase in skeletal muscle. Each molecule is composed of three identical subunits. Each subunit contains a proline-rich attachment domain (PRAD) that binds an acetylcholinesterase tetramer to anchor the catalytic subunit of the enzyme to the basal lamina. Mutations in this gene are associated with endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for COLQ Gene

COLQ (Collagen Like Tail Subunit Of Asymmetric Acetylcholinesterase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with COLQ include Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 5 and Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome. An important paralog of this gene is COL17A1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLQ Gene

  • Anchors the catalytic subunits of asymmetric AChE to the synaptic basal lamina.

Gene Wiki entry for COLQ Gene

Additional gene information for COLQ Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for COLQ Gene

Genomics for COLQ Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for COLQ Gene

Promoters and enhancers for COLQ Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J015519 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 688.9 +0.8 792 2.5 ZFHX2 ZSCAN4 CBFA2T3 ZNF398 EGR2 COLQ EAF1 HACL1 ANKRD28 SH3BP5 METTL6 CAPN7 PIR32923
GH03J015561 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew ENCODE dbSUPER 654.9 -41.0 -41041 3.5 FOXA2 RXRA MAX REST FOXA1 SP1 JUND ATF3 SCRT2 HNF4G COLQ HACL1 RNU6-1024P EAF1-AS1 CAPN7 COL6A4P1 METTL6 PIR61561 BTD
GH03J015555 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 30.5 -35.2 -35188 2.1 BMI1 IRF4 RAD21 RFX5 ZNF143 ATF7 ETV6 BCLAF1 IKZF2 RUNX3 PIR61561 COLQ EAF1 HACL1 ANKRD28 SH3BP5 METTL6 CAPN7 BTD
GH03J015499 Enhancer 0.9 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 23.8 +22.0 21969 1.2 RXRA CEBPB ZIC2 LOC105376964 EAF1 COLQ METTL6 RNU6-1024P CAPN7 EAF1-AS1 COL6A4P1 HACL1 ANKRD28
GH03J015629 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 7.8 -112.7 -112736 9.5 PKNOX1 CLOCK SMAD1 ARNT NEUROD1 SIN3A FEZF1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF766 EAF1 COL6A4P1 CAPN7 COLQ HACL1 BTD SH3BP5 ANKRD28 PIR61991
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around COLQ on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the COLQ gene promoter:
  • deltaCREB
  • CREB

Genomic Locations for COLQ Gene

Genomic Locations for COLQ Gene
71,619 bases
Minus strand
71,619 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for COLQ Gene

Genes around COLQ on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COLQ Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COLQ Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COLQ Gene

Proteins for COLQ Gene

  • Protein details for COLQ Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Acetylcholinesterase collagenic tail peptide
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KY09
    • Q6DK18
    • Q6YH18
    • Q6YH19
    • Q6YH20
    • Q6YH21
    • Q9NP18
    • Q9NP19
    • Q9NP20
    • Q9NP21
    • Q9NP22
    • Q9NP23
    • Q9NP24
    • Q9UP88

    Protein attributes for COLQ Gene

    455 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47766 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotrimer. Component of the asymmetric form of AChE, a disulfide-bonded oligomer composed of the collagenic subunits (Q) and a variable number of asymmetric catalytic subunits (T). The N-terminal of a collagenic subunit (Q) associates with the C-terminal of a catalytic subunit (T).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for COLQ Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for COLQ Gene

neXtProt entry for COLQ Gene

Post-translational modifications for COLQ Gene

  • The triple-helical tail is stabilized by disulfide bonds at each end.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys191
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for COLQ Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COLQ Gene

Domains & Families for COLQ Gene

Gene Families for COLQ Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for COLQ Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for COLQ Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The proline-rich attachment domain (PRAD) binds the AChE catalytic subunits.
  • Belongs to the COLQ family.
  • The proline-rich attachment domain (PRAD) binds the AChE catalytic subunits.
  • Belongs to the COLQ family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COLQ: view

Function for COLQ Gene

Molecular function for COLQ Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Anchors the catalytic subunits of asymmetric AChE to the synaptic basal lamina.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
collagen-like tail subunity,single strand of an homotrimer of the asymetric acetylcholinesterase,anchoring it into the basal lamina

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for COLQ Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for COLQ Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15526038
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLQ: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COLQ: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for COLQ Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for COLQ Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target COLQ

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for COLQ

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COLQ Gene

Localization for COLQ Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLQ Gene

Cell junction, synapse.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COLQ gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cell Junctions (2)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COLQ Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005581 collagen trimer IEA --
GO:0005605 basal lamina TAS 9689136
GO:0005615 extracellular space TAS 9689136
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA,IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLQ: view

Pathways & Interactions for COLQ Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COLQ Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001507 acetylcholine catabolic process in synaptic cleft TAS 9689136
GO:0008582 regulation of synaptic growth at neuromuscular junction IEA --
GO:0042135 neurotransmitter catabolic process IEA --
GO:0071340 skeletal muscle acetylcholine-gated channel clustering IEA --
GO:0090150 establishment of protein localization to membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLQ: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for COLQ Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COLQ Gene

(2) Drugs for COLQ Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with COLQ: view

Transcripts for COLQ Gene

Unigene Clusters for COLQ Gene

Collagen-like tail subunit (single strand of homotrimer) of asymmetric acetylcholinesterase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for COLQ

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COLQ Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for COLQ Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for COLQ Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for COLQ Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COLQ Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (60.6) and Adipocyte (8.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for COLQ Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for COLQ Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of COLQ Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COLQ Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COLQ Gene:

Tissue specificity: Found at the end plate of skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for COLQ Gene

  • Muscle(4.6)
  • Blood(4)
  • Lung(4)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for COLQ Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • larynx
  • mouth
  • neck
  • pharynx
  • vocal cord
  • esophagus
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • stomach
  • pelvis
  • lower limb
  • upper limb
  • blood
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • vertebrae
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COLQ: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for COLQ Gene

Orthologs for COLQ Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for COLQ Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia COLQ 34 33
  • 99.34 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COLQ 33
  • 89.75 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Colq 34 33
  • 89.13 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Colq 33
  • 86.83 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia COLQ 34 33
  • 86.75 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia COLQ 34
  • 79 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COLQ 34
  • 66 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves COLQ 34 33
  • 70.48 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia COLQ 34
  • 69 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia colq 33
  • 65.35 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii COLQ (2 of 2) 34
  • 55 (a)
colq 34
  • 55 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea col-118 34
  • 26 (a)
col-148 34
  • 25 (a)
col-187 34
  • 25 (a)
col-176 34
  • 25 (a)
col-89 34
  • 25 (a)
col-145 34
  • 24 (a)
col-127 34
  • 24 (a)
col-149 34
  • 24 (a)
col-61 34
  • 24 (a)
col-126 34
  • 24 (a)
col-144 34
  • 23 (a)
col-10 34
  • 23 (a)
col-150 34
  • 22 (a)
col-177 34
  • 19 (a)
Species where no ortholog for COLQ was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COLQ Gene

Gene Tree for COLQ (if available)
Gene Tree for COLQ (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for COLQ: view image

Paralogs for COLQ Gene

Paralogs for COLQ Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for COLQ Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • F8WA67_HUMAN
  • S4R408_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with COLQ: view

Variants for COLQ Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for COLQ Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1008156537 uncertain-significance, Endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency 15,455,932(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs10154896 likely-benign, Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, Recessive 15,451,129(-) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1025361623 syndrome, congenital, 5 (CMS5) [MIM:603034] 15,453,898(-) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs104893733 pathogenic, Endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency 15,470,613(-) C/A coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs104893734 pathogenic, Endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency 15,475,447(-) G/C coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COLQ Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv275345 CNV gain+loss 21479260
nsv1117328 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv822003 CNV gain 20364138
nsv834621 CNV gain 17160897
nsv834622 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for COLQ Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.22; 62.15% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for COLQ Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLQ Gene

Disorders for COLQ Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for COLQ Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
myasthenic syndrome, congenital, 5
  • cms5
congenital myasthenic syndrome
  • familial limb-girdle myasthenia
neuromuscular junction disease
  • neuromuscular junction diseases
  • blepharoptosis
nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • npca
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search COLQ in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, 5 (CMS5) [MIM:603034]: A form of congenital myasthenic syndrome, a group of disorders characterized by failure of neuromuscular transmission, including pre-synaptic, synaptic, and post-synaptic disorders that are not of autoimmune origin. Clinical features are easy fatigability and muscle weakness affecting the axial and limb muscles (with hypotonia in early-onset forms), the ocular muscles (leading to ptosis and ophthalmoplegia), and the facial and bulbar musculature (affecting sucking and swallowing, and leading to dysphonia). The symptoms fluctuate and worsen with physical effort. CMS5 inheritance is autosomal recessive. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10665486, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11865139, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24938146, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9758617}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for COLQ

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with COLQ: view

No data available for Genatlas for COLQ Gene

Publications for COLQ Gene

  1. Human endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency caused by mutations in the collagen-like tail subunit (ColQ) of the asymmetric enzyme. (PMID: 9689136) Ohno K … Engel AG (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1998) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Mutation in the human acetylcholinesterase-associated collagen gene, COLQ, is responsible for congenital myasthenic syndrome with end-plate acetylcholinesterase deficiency (Type Ic). (PMID: 9758617) Donger C … Guicheney P (American journal of human genetics 1998) 3 4 22 44 58
  3. Three novel COLQ mutations and variation of phenotypic expressivity due to G240X. (PMID: 11865139) Shapira YA … Engel AG (Neurology 2002) 3 4 22 58
  4. Clinical and molecular analysis of a novel COLQ missense mutation causing congenital myasthenic syndrome in a Syrian family. (PMID: 24938146) Matlik HN … Ali BR (Pediatric neurology 2014) 3 4 58
  5. Clinical and molecular genetic findings in COLQ-mutant congenital myasthenic syndromes. (PMID: 18180250) Mihaylova V … Lochmüller H (Brain : a journal of neurology 2008) 3 22 58

Products for COLQ Gene

Sources for COLQ Gene

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