The collagens are a superfamily of proteins that play a role in maintaining the integrity of various tissues. Collagens are extracellular matrix proteins and have a triple-helical domain as their common structural element. Collagen VI is a major structural component of microfibrils. The basic structural unit of collagen VI is a heterotrimer of the alpha1(VI), alpha2(VI), and al... See more...

Aliases for COL6A1 Gene

Aliases for COL6A1 Gene

  • Collagen Type VI Alpha 1 Chain 2 3 5
  • Collagen Alpha-1(VI) Chain 3 4
  • Collagen, Type VI, Alpha 1 2 3
  • Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein 3
  • Collagen VI, Alpha-1 Polypeptide 3
  • Alpha 1 (VI) Chain (61 AA) 3
  • BTHLM1 3
  • UCHMD1 3
  • OPLL 3

External Ids for COL6A1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for COL6A1 Gene

  • GC21P043908
  • GC21P046259
  • GC21P046260
  • GC21P046261
  • GC21P046226
  • GC21P047401
  • GC21P032782

Summaries for COL6A1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for COL6A1 Gene

  • The collagens are a superfamily of proteins that play a role in maintaining the integrity of various tissues. Collagens are extracellular matrix proteins and have a triple-helical domain as their common structural element. Collagen VI is a major structural component of microfibrils. The basic structural unit of collagen VI is a heterotrimer of the alpha1(VI), alpha2(VI), and alpha3(VI) chains. The alpha2(VI) and alpha3(VI) chains are encoded by the COL6A2 and COL6A3 genes, respectively. The protein encoded by this gene is the alpha 1 subunit of type VI collagen (alpha1(VI) chain). Mutations in the genes that code for the collagen VI subunits result in the autosomal dominant disorder, Bethlem myopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for COL6A1 Gene

COL6A1 (Collagen Type VI Alpha 1 Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with COL6A1 include Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy 1 and Bethlem Myopathy 1. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include platelet-derived growth factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is COL1A1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for COL6A1 Gene

Gene Wiki entry for COL6A1 Gene

Additional gene information for COL6A1 Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for COL6A1 Gene

Genomics for COL6A1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for COL6A1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for COL6A1 Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around COL6A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for COL6A1

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the COL6A1 gene promoter:
  • AML1a
  • AP-1
  • ATF-2
  • c-Jun
  • c-Myc
  • Ik-1
  • Max1
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • RelA

Genomic Locations for COL6A1 Gene

Genomic Locations for COL6A1 Gene
chr21:45,981,737-46,005,050
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
23,314 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr21:47,401,651-47,424,964
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
23,314 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for COL6A1 Gene

Genes around COL6A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COL6A1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COL6A1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COL6A1 Gene

Proteins for COL6A1 Gene

  • Protein details for COL6A1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P12109-CO6A1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Collagen alpha-1(VI) chain
    Protein Accession:
    P12109
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O00117
    • O00118
    • Q14040
    • Q14041
    • Q16258
    • Q7Z645
    • Q9BSA8

    Protein attributes for COL6A1 Gene

    Size:
    1028 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    108529 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Trimers composed of three different chains: alpha-1(VI), alpha-2(VI), and alpha-3(VI) or alpha-5(VI) or alpha-6(VI).

neXtProt entry for COL6A1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for COL6A1 Gene

  • Prolines at the third position of the tripeptide repeating unit (G-X-Y) are hydroxylated in some or all of the chains.
  • Glycosylation at Asn212, Asn516, Asn537, Asn804, and Asn896
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation from GlyConnect
    • CO6A1_HUMAN (1129)

Other Protein References for COL6A1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COL6A1 Gene

Domains & Families for COL6A1 Gene

Gene Families for COL6A1 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for COL6A1 Gene

Blocks:
  • Collagen triple helix repeat
  • Collagen helix repeat
  • Von Willebrand factor type A domain signature
InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for COL6A1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • cDNA FLJ61362, highly similar to Collagen alpha-1(VI) chain (B4DRR8_HUMAN)
  • Collagen alpha-1(VI) chain (CO6A1_HUMAN)
  • Collagen, type VI, alpha 1, isoform CRA_a (D3DSM7_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P12109

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CO6A1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the type VI collagen family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the type VI collagen family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COL6A1: view

Function for COL6A1 Gene

Molecular function for COL6A1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Collagen VI acts as a cell-binding protein.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
collagen type VI,alpha 1 (150kDa),microfibrillar

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for COL6A1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for COL6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005518 collagen binding IPI 18400749
GO:0030020 extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength RCA 20551380
GO:0048407 platelet-derived growth factor binding IDA 8900172
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COL6A1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COL6A1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for COL6A1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for COL6A1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for COL6A1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for COL6A1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COL6A1 Gene

Localization for COL6A1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COL6A1 Gene

Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COL6A1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
endoplasmic reticulum 4
plasma membrane 3
mitochondrion 3
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 2
peroxisome 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COL6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region HDA,TAS --
GO:0005581 collagen trimer IEA --
GO:0005589 collagen type VI trimer NAS 2551668
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA 21873635
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane HDA 17897319
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COL6A1: view

Pathways & Interactions for COL6A1 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for COL6A1 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Collagen chain trimerization
.48
.46
2 Integrin Pathway
.67
.67
.56
.56
.50
.38
3 ERK Signaling
.61
.61
.58
.51
.49
4 PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
5 Phospholipase-C Pathway
.56
.56
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with COL6A1: view

Pathways by source for COL6A1 Gene

15 Qiagen pathways for COL6A1 Gene
  • Blood Coagulation Cascade
  • ERK Signaling
  • FAK1 Signaling
  • GnRH Signaling
  • ILK Signaling

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COL6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation HDA 16210410
GO:0003429 growth plate cartilage chondrocyte morphogenesis IBA 21873635
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IEA --
GO:0030198 extracellular matrix organization TAS --
GO:0035987 endodermal cell differentiation IEP 23154389
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COL6A1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for COL6A1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COL6A1 Gene

(1) Drugs for COL6A1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with COL6A1: view

Transcripts for COL6A1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for COL6A1 Gene

1 REFSEQ mRNAs :
20 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
7 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for COL6A1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COL6A1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for COL6A1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
COL6A1

Expression for COL6A1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for COL6A1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COL6A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (16.2), Urinary Bladder (11.7), Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (8.0), and Colon muscle (7.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for COL6A1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for COL6A1 Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for COL6A1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COL6A1 Gene:

Hs.474053

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for COL6A1 Gene

  • Kidney(4.4)
  • Liver(4.4)
  • Lung(4.1)
  • Bone(3.9)
  • Skin(3.7)
  • Nervous system(3.7)
  • Heart(3.4)
  • Muscle(3)
  • Intestine(2.9)
  • Eye(2.8)
  • Gall bladder(2.6)
  • Pancreas(2.4)
  • Adrenal gland(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for COL6A1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cheek
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • outer ear
  • skull
Thorax:
  • bronchus
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • diaphragm
  • heart
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
Abdomen:
  • kidney
Pelvis:
  • pelvis
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • sweat gland
  • vertebrae
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COL6A1: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COL6A1 Gene

Orthologs for COL6A1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for COL6A1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia COL6A1 31 30
  • 99.12 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COL6A1 31 30
  • 88.37 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia COL6A1 31 30
  • 87.44 (n)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Col6a1 30
  • 83.61 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Col6a1 17 31 30
  • 83.15 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia COL6A1 31
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COL6A1 31
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves COL6A1 31 30
  • 70.63 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia COL6A1 31
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia col6a1 30
  • 63.12 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia col6a1-prov 30
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii col6a1 31 30
  • 59.8 (n)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mec-5 31
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for COL6A1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COL6A1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for COL6A1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for COL6A1 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for COL6A1: view image

Paralogs for COL6A1 Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for COL6A1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

  • CO6A1_HUMAN
  • D3DSM7_HUMAN
  • Q05BT9_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with COL6A1: view

Variants for COL6A1 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for COL6A1 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 21 pos Variation AA Info Type
17175 Pathogenic: Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1, autosomal dominant 45,988,512(+) GCCGTGCAGGGTGTGG SPLICE_ACCEPTOR_VARIANT,SPLICE_DONOR_VARIANT
476408 Uncertain Significance: Bethlem myopathy 1 45,991,017(+) TG/CA
639559 Likely Pathogenic: Bethlem myopathy 1 45,989,627(+) G/A MISSENSE_VARIANT
640152 Uncertain Significance: Bethlem myopathy 1 45,984,416(+) G/C MISSENSE_VARIANT
641573 Uncertain Significance: Bethlem myopathy 1 45,998,904(+) A/G MISSENSE_VARIANT

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for COL6A1 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COL6A1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2416n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv254n21 CNV loss 19592680
dgv7919n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv7920n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1025241 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1396032 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1409667 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1561412 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2723849 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723851 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723852 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723853 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3557859 CNV deletion 23714750
nsv1109448 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1126010 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1129227 CNV insertion 24896259
nsv470910 CNV gain 18288195
nsv509804 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv513579 CNV insertion 21212237
nsv587930 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587933 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587934 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587935 CNV gain 21841781
nsv953657 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for COL6A1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 94.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 13.20; 95.21% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for COL6A1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
COL6A1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
COL6A1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COL6A1 Gene

Disorders for COL6A1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(21) MalaCards diseases for COL6A1 Gene - From: UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1
  • ucmd1
bethlem myopathy 1
  • bthlm1
muscular disease
  • muscular diseases
myopathy
  • muscular diseases
diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
  • ankylosing vertebral hyperostosis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CO6A1_HUMAN
  • Bethlem myopathy 1 (BTHLM1) [MIM:158810]: A benign proximal myopathy characterized by early childhood onset and joint contractures most frequently affecting the elbows and ankles. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11865138, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15689448, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15955946, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8782832}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 1 (UCMD1) [MIM:254090]: A congenital myopathy characterized by muscle weakness and multiple joint contractures, generally noted at birth or early infancy. The clinical course is more severe than in Bethlem myopathy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15689448, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16130093, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17785674}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A mutation in COL6A1 is the cause of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. The affected individual with a homozygous recessive COL6A1 mutation showed progressive muscle weakness with an onset at the age of 4 years and loss of ambulation at the age of 15 years. Muscle biopsy showed end stage dystrophy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:30345904}.

Additional Disease Information for COL6A1

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with COL6A1: view

No data available for Genatlas for COL6A1 Gene

Publications for COL6A1 Gene

  1. Single nucleotide polymorphism of COL6A1 in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. (PMID: 18634150) Kim TH … Jun JB (The Journal of rheumatology 2008) 3 23 41 54
  2. COL6A1 polymorphisms associated with ossification of the ligamentum flavum and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. (PMID: 18246005) Kong Q … Chen Z (Spine 2007) 3 23 41 54
  3. COL6A1, the candidate gene for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, is associated with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in Japanese. (PMID: 16227896) Tsukahara S … Inoue I (Spine 2005) 3 23 41 54
  4. Dominant and recessive COL6A1 mutations in Ullrich scleroatonic muscular dystrophy. (PMID: 16130093) Giusti B … Pepe G (Annals of neurology 2005) 3 4 23 54
  5. Genomewide linkage and linkage disequilibrium analyses identify COL6A1, on chromosome 21, as the locus for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine. (PMID: 12958705) Tanaka T … Inoue I (American journal of human genetics 2003) 3 23 41 54

Products for COL6A1 Gene

Sources for COL6A1 Gene