Aliases for CLEC4E Gene
External Ids for CLEC4E Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CLEC4E Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CLEC4E Gene
This gene encodes a member of the C-type lectin/C-type lectin-like domain (CTL/CTLD) superfamily. Members of this family share a common protein fold and have diverse functions, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell signalling, glycoprotein turnover, and roles in inflammation and immune response. The encoded type II transmembrane protein is a downstream target of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP), beta (CEBPB) and may play a role in inflammation. Alternative splice variants have been described but their full-length sequence has not been determined. This gene is closely linked to other CTL/CTLD superfamily members on chromosome 12p13 in the natural killer gene complex region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CLEC4E Gene
CLEC4E (C-Type Lectin Domain Family 4 Member E) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CLEC4E include Fungal Keratitis. Among its related pathways are CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling and Defective GALNT12 causes colorectal cancer 1 (CRCS1). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is CLEC4A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CLEC4E Gene
A calcium-dependent lectin that acts as a pattern recognition receptor of the innate immune system. Recognizes damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) of abnormal self and pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) of bacteria and fungi (PubMed:18509109, PubMed:23602766). The PAMPs notably include mycobacterial trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM), a cell wall glycolipid with potent adjuvant immunomodulatory functions (PubMed:23602766, PubMed:24101491). Interacts with signaling adapter Fc receptor gamma chain/FCER1G to form a functional complex in myeloid cells. Binding of mycobacterial trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM) to this receptor complex leads to phosphorylation of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) of FCER1G, triggering activation of SYK, CARD9 and NF-kappa-B, consequently driving maturation of antigen-presenting cells and shaping antigen-specific priming of T-cells toward effector T-helper 1 and T-helper 17 cell subtypes. Specifically recognizes alpha-mannose residues on pathogenic fungi of the genus Malassezia and mediates macrophage activation. Through recognition of DAMPs released upon nonhomeostatic cell death, enables immune sensing of damaged self and promotes inflammatory cell infiltration into the damaged tissue (By similarity).