Aliases for CLEC4A Gene
External Ids for CLEC4A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CLEC4A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CLEC4A Gene
This gene encodes a member of the C-type lectin/C-type lectin-like domain (CTL/CTLD) superfamily. Members of this family share a common protein fold and have diverse functions, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell signalling, glycoprotein turnover, and roles in inflammation and immune response. The encoded type 2 transmembrane protein may play a role in inflammatory and immune response. Multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. This gene is closely linked to other CTL/CTLD superfamily members on chromosome 12p13 in the natural killer gene complex region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CLEC4A Gene
CLEC4A (C-Type Lectin Domain Family 4 Member A) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transmembrane signaling receptor activity and carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is CLEC4C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CLEC4A Gene
C-type lectin receptor that binds carbohydrates mannose and fucose but also weakly interacts with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner (PubMed:27015765). Involved in regulating immune reactivity (PubMed:18258799, PubMed:10438934). Once triggered by antigen, it is internalized by clathrin-dependent endocytosis and delivers its antigenic cargo into the antigen presentation pathway resulting in cross-priming of CD8(+) T cells. This cross-presentation and cross-priming are enhanced by TLR7 and TLR8 agonists with increased expansion of the CD8(+) T cells, high production of IFNG and TNF with reduced levels of IL4, IL5 and IL13 (PubMed:18258799, PubMed:20530286). In plasmacytoid dendritic cells, inhibits TLR9-mediated IFNA and TNF production (PubMed:18258799). May be involved via its ITIM motif (immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs) in the inhibition of B-cell-receptor-mediated calcium mobilization and protein tyrosine phosphorylation (PubMed:10438934).
(Microbial infection) Involved in the interaction between HIV-1 virus and dendritic cells. Enhances HIV-1 binding/entry and virus infection. Requires ITIM motif-associated signal transduction pathway involving phosphatases PTPN6 and PTPN11, SYK, Src kinases and MAP kinases.