Aliases for CLCN3 Gene
External Ids for CLCN3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CLCN3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the voltage-gated chloride channel (ClC) family. The encoded protein is present in all cell types and localized in plasma membranes and in intracellular vesicles. It is a multi-pass membrane protein which contains a ClC domain and two additional C-terminal CBS (cystathionine beta-synthase) domains. The ClC domain catalyzes the selective flow of Cl- ions across cell membranes, and the CBS domain may have a regulatory function. This protein plays a role in both acidification and transmitter loading of GABAergic synaptic vesicles, and in smooth muscle cell activation and neointima formation. This protein is required for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-activated Cl- current activity and fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation. The protein activity is regulated by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in glioma cells. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
GeneCards Summary for CLCN3 Gene
CLCN3 (Chloride Voltage-Gated Channel 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CLCN3 include Dent Disease 1 and Cystic Fibrosis. Among its related pathways are Ion channel transport and Neuropathic Pain-Signaling in Dorsal Horn Neurons. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and ion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is CLCN5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CLCN3 Gene
Mediates the exchange of chloride ions against protons. Functions as antiporter and contributes to the acidification of the endosome and synaptic vesicle lumen, and may thereby affect vesicle trafficking and exocytosis. May play an important role in neuronal cell function through regulation of membrane excitability by protein kinase C. It could help neuronal cells to establish short-term memory.