Aliases for CIDEA Gene
External Ids for CIDEA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CIDEA Gene
This gene encodes the homolog of the mouse protein Cidea that has been shown to activate apoptosis. This activation of apoptosis is inhibited by the DNA fragmentation factor DFF45 but not by caspase inhibitors. Mice that lack functional Cidea have higher metabolic rates, higher lipolysis in brown adipose tissue and higher core body temperatures when subjected to cold. These mice are also resistant to diet-induced obesity and diabetes. This suggests that in mice this gene product plays a role in thermogenesis and lipolysis. Alternatively spliced transcripts have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
GeneCards Summary for CIDEA Gene
CIDEA (Cell Death Inducing DFFA Like Effector A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CIDEA include Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11 and Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent. Among its related pathways are Differentiation of white and brown adipocyte and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is CIDEC.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CIDEA Gene
Acts as a CEBPB coactivator in mammary epithelial cells to control the expression of a subset of CEBPB downstream target genes, including ID2, IGF1, PRLR, SOCS1, SOCS3, XDH, but not casein. By interacting with CEBPB, strengthens the association of CEBPB with the XDH promoter, increases histone acetylation and dissociates HDAC1 from the promoter (By similarity). Binds to lipid droplets and regulates their enlargement, thereby restricting lipolysis and favoring storage. At focal contact sites between lipid droplets, promotes directional net neutral lipid transfer from the smaller to larger lipid droplets. The transfer direction may be driven by the internal pressure difference between the contacting lipid droplet pair and occurs at a lower rate than that promoted by CIDEC. When overexpressed, induces apoptosis. The physiological significance of its role in apoptosis is unclear.