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Aliases for CHRNA3 Gene

Aliases for CHRNA3 Gene

  • Cholinergic Receptor Nicotinic Alpha 3 Subunit 2 3 5
  • Cholinergic Receptor, Nicotinic, Alpha Polypeptide 3 2 3
  • Cholinergic Receptor, Nicotinic, Alpha 3 (Neuronal) 2 3
  • Cholinergic Receptor, Nicotinic Alpha 3 2 3
  • NACHRA3 3 4
  • Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor, Alpha3 Subunit 3
  • Acetylcholine Receptor, Nicotinic, Alpha 3 (Neuronal) 2
  • Neuronal Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Alpha-3 3
  • LNCR2 3
  • PAOD2 3

External Ids for CHRNA3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHRNA3 Gene

  • GC15P074984
  • GC15M071975
  • GC15M076461
  • GC15M076601
  • GC15M076672
  • GC15M078885
  • GC15M055642

Summaries for CHRNA3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CHRNA3 Gene

  • This locus encodes a member of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor family of proteins. Members of this family of proteins form pentameric complexes comprised of both alpha and beta subunits. This locus encodes an alpha-type subunit, as it contains characteristic adjacent cysteine residues. The encoded protein is a ligand-gated ion channel that likely plays a role in neurotransmission. Polymorphisms in this gene have been associated with an increased risk of smoking initiation and an increased susceptibility to lung cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]

GeneCards Summary for CHRNA3 Gene

CHRNA3 (Cholinergic Receptor Nicotinic Alpha 3 Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHRNA3 include Smoking As A Quantitative Trait Locus 3 and Microcolon. Among its related pathways are Transmission across Chemical Synapses and Postsynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity and ligand-gated ion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is CHRNA6.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRNA3 Gene

  • After binding acetylcholine, the AChR responds by an extensive change in conformation that affects all subunits and leads to opening of an ion-conducting channel across the plasma membrane.

Gene Wiki entry for CHRNA3 Gene

Additional gene information for CHRNA3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CHRNA3 Gene

Genomics for CHRNA3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for CHRNA3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for CHRNA3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH15J078620 Promoter 0.8 EPDnew 650.7 +0.3 279 0.1 ZNF335 ZBTB6 POLR2A ZBTB26 CHRNA3 CHRNA5 GC15P078618 GC15M078021
GH15J078619 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 650.7 +1.5 1466 1.5 BCOR CTCF ZBTB6 SUZ12 ZMYM3 NFXL1 ZIC2 ZNF324 ZNF335 GLIS2 CHRNA3 GC15P078618 CHRNA5 GC15M078021
GH15J078621 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 650.7 0.0 -4 0.1 ZNF335 POLR2A CHRNA3 ENSG00000259555 GC15M078021
GH15J078871 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.7 -252.5 -252512 4.6 DMAP1 YY1 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC ZNF610 ZNF585B GLIS1 RCOR2 MORF4L1 IREB2 ENSG00000259562 PSMA4 TBC1D2B RNU6-415P ENSG00000260988 WDR61 ENSG00000177699 ENSG00000259322
GH15J078759 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5.4 -139.6 -139622 3 RELA ZFHX2 POLR2A ATF7 ETV6 IKZF2 CREM EGR2 ZNF687 NRF1 LOC646934 ADAMTS7P3 CHRNA5 CTSH CHRNA3 WDR61 PIR58582 MORF4L1 ADAMTS7
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around CHRNA3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CHRNA3 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for CHRNA3 Gene

Genomic Locations for CHRNA3 Gene
28,244 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CHRNA3 Gene

Genes around CHRNA3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CHRNA3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CHRNA3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CHRNA3 Gene

Proteins for CHRNA3 Gene

  • Protein details for CHRNA3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q15823
    • Q4KMN8
    • Q86U77
    • Q96RH3
    • Q99553
    • Q9BQ93
    • Q9BRR4

    Protein attributes for CHRNA3 Gene

    505 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57480 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Neuronal AChR is composed of two different types of subunits: alpha and beta. Alpha-3 subunit can be combined to beta-2 or beta-4 to give rise to functional receptors. Interacts with RIC3; which is required for proper folding and assembly (PubMed:16120769). Interacts with LYPD6 (PubMed:27344019). The heteropentamer alpha-3-beta-2 interacts with alpha-conotoxins ImI and ImII (PubMed:15609996). The heteropentamer alpha-3-beta-2 interacts with alpha-conotoxins ImI, ImII, PnIA, GID and MII (By similarity). The heteropentamer alpha-3-beta-4 interacts with the alpha-conotoxin ImI (PubMed:15609996).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CHRNA3 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for CHRNA3 Gene


neXtProt entry for CHRNA3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CHRNA3 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn171 and posLast=5454
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CHRNA3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CHRNA3 Gene

Domains & Families for CHRNA3 Gene

Gene Families for CHRNA3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ligand-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.9) family. Acetylcholine receptor (TC 1.A.9.1) subfamily. Alpha-3/CHRNA3 sub-subfamily.
  • Belongs to the ligand-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.9) family. Acetylcholine receptor (TC 1.A.9.1) subfamily. Alpha-3/CHRNA3 sub-subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CHRNA3: view

Function for CHRNA3 Gene

Molecular function for CHRNA3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
After binding acetylcholine, the AChR responds by an extensive change in conformation that affects all subunits and leads to opening of an ion-conducting channel across the plasma membrane.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
cholinergic receptor,nicotinic,alpha 3 polypeptide,neuronal

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for CHRNA3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CHRNA3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005216 ion channel activity IEA --
GO:0005230 CONTRIBUTES_TO extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IBA,IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 27344019
GO:0015276 ligand-gated ion channel activity TAS 20438829
GO:0015464 acetylcholine receptor activity IDA 8906617
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRNA3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CHRNA3: view

Animal Models for CHRNA3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CHRNA3:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CHRNA3

Clone Products

  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for CHRNA3 (Nicotinic Acetylcholine R alpha 3/CHRNA3)

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CHRNA3 Gene

Localization for CHRNA3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRNA3 Gene

Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CHRNA3 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CHRNA3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane IBA --
GO:0005892 acetylcholine-gated channel complex IDA 8906617
GO:0014069 postsynaptic density ISS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRNA3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for CHRNA3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CHRNA3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CHRNA3: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CHRNA3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006811 ion transport NAS 8906617
GO:0006940 regulation of smooth muscle contraction ISS --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IDA 8906617
GO:0007171 activation of transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity ISS --
GO:0007268 chemical synaptic transmission IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRNA3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CHRNA3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CHRNA3 Gene

(80) Drugs for CHRNA3 Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ethanol Approved Pharma Target 2326
Nicotine Approved Pharma Antagonist, Activation, Activator, Target, agonist 1188
Varenicline Approved, Investigational Pharma agonist, Target, partial agonist α4β2 nAChRs antagonist 279
Mecamylamine Approved, Investigational Pharma Channel blocker, antagonist 27
Amantadine Approved Pharma Target, antagonist 70

(5) Additional Compounds for CHRNA3 Gene - From: IUPHAR

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
alpha-conotoxin AuIB
alpha-conotoxin MII
alpha-conotoxin PnIA
alpha-conotoxin TxIA

(51) ApexBio Compounds for CHRNA3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(-)-Lobeline hydrochloride 134-63-4
(+)-Anabasine hydrochloride 53912-89-3
(+)-Tubocurarine chloride 57-94-3
(±)-Anatoxin A fumarate 1219922-30-1
(±)-Epibatidine dopamine receptor antagonist 148152-66-3
1-Acetyl-4-methylpiperazine hydrochloride 144205-68-5
3-Bromocytisine 207390-14-5
4-Acetyl-1,1-dimethylpiperazinium iodide 75667-84-4
5-Iodo-A-85380, 5-trimethylstannyl N-BOC derivative 213766-21-3
A-867744 Allosteric Modulator 1000279-69-5
Benzoquinonium dibromide inhibitor of AChR and ganglion 311-09-1
bPiDDB 525596-66-1
Carbamoylcholine chloride 51-83-2
Catestatin 142211-96-9
CCMI 917837-54-8
Chlorisondamine diiodide 96750-66-2
Desformylflustrabromine hydrochloride 951322-11-5
Dihydro-β-erythroidine hydrobromide antagonist of nAChRs 29734-68-7
DMAB-anabaseine dihydrochloride 154149-38-9
EVP-6124 NAChRs agonist 550999-75-2
GTS 21 dihydrochloride nAChRs agonist, novel 156223-05-1
Ivermectin B1a-d2
LX-1031 TPH inhibitor 945976-76-1
LY 2087101 913186-74-0
Mecamylamine hydrochloride 826-39-1
Methyllycaconitine citrate 112825-05-5
MG 624 77257-42-2
NS 1738 501684-93-1
PHA 543613 hydrochloride 478149-53-0
PHA 568487 527680-57-5
PNU 282987 123464-89-1
RJR 2429 dihydrochloride 1021418-53-0
RJR-2403 Nicotinic receptor agonist,highly selective 15585-43-0
RJR-2403 hemioxalate Neuronal nicotinic receptor agonist
RJR-2403 oxalate Nicotinic receptor agonist 220662-95-3
RuBi-Nicotine 1256362-30-7
S 24795 304679-75-2
Sazetidine A dihydrochloride 1197329-42-2
SEN 12333 874450-44-9
SIB 1553A hydrochloride 191611-89-9
SR 16584 1150153-86-8
TC 1698 dihydrochloride 787587-06-8
TC 2559 difumarate 212332-35-9
TMPH hydrochloride 849461-91-2
TQS 353483-92-8
UB 165 fumarate 200432-86-6
α-Bungarotoxin 11032-79-4
α-Conotoxin AuIB 216299-21-7
α-Conotoxin EI 170663-33-9
α-Conotoxin PIA 669050-68-4
α-Conotoxin PnIA 705300-84-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CHRNA3: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for CHRNA3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CHRNA3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CHRNA3 Gene

Cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 3 (neuronal):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for CHRNA3

Clone Products

  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for CHRNA3 (Nicotinic Acetylcholine R alpha 3/CHRNA3)

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CHRNA3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CHRNA3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CHRNA3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for CHRNA3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CHRNA3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Sigmoid (x8.3), Adrenal Gland (x5.6), and Brain - Cerebellum (x5.4).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CHRNA3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CHRNA3 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CHRNA3 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Lung(4.3)
  • Skin(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CHRNA3: view

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CHRNA3 Gene

Orthologs for CHRNA3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CHRNA3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CHRNA3 34 33
  • 99.01 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CHRNA3 34 33
  • 91.58 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Chrna3 16 34 33
  • 88.91 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Chrna3 33
  • 88.54 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CHRNA3 34 33
  • 87.3 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CHRNA3 34
  • 86 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CHRNA3 34
  • 84 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CHRNA3 34 33
  • 77.22 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100498049 33
  • 69.92 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii chrna3 34 33
  • 70.75 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta nAcRalpha-96Aa 35
  • 55 (a)
nAcRalpha-7E 35
  • 54 (a)
nAcRalpha-80B 35 33
  • 52.86 (n)
nAcR&bgr;-64B 35
  • 44 (a)
nAcR&bgr;-96A 35
  • 44 (a)
nAcRalpha-96Ab 35
  • 42 (a)
nAcRalpha-30D 35
  • 31 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000138 33
  • 54.63 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea acr-10 35
  • 42 (a)
unc-38 35
  • 42 (a)
unc-29 35
  • 39 (a)
acr-2 35
  • 39 (a)
acr-3 35
  • 39 (a)
acr-12 35
  • 37 (a)
lev-1 35
  • 37 (a)
acr-16 35
  • 37 (a)
acr-11 35
  • 36 (a)
acr-9 35
  • 34 (a)
acr-8 35
  • 33 (a)
F18G5.4 35
  • 33 (a)
acr-7 35
  • 32 (a)
acr-13 35
  • 31 (a)
ZK973.5 35
  • 30 (a)
acr-15 35
  • 30 (a)
acr-5 35
  • 29 (a)
F11C7.1 35
  • 29 (a)
acr-22 35
  • 29 (a)
Y44A6E.1 35
  • 29 (a)
deg-3 35
  • 29 (a)
Y73F8A.30 35
  • 29 (a)
acr-14 35
  • 28 (a)
acr-23 35
  • 27 (a)
acr-17 35
  • 27 (a)
C04C3.2 35
  • 27 (a)
acr-18 35
  • 26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 60 (a)
Species where no ortholog for CHRNA3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CHRNA3 Gene

Gene Tree for CHRNA3 (if available)
Gene Tree for CHRNA3 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for CHRNA3: view image

Paralogs for CHRNA3 Gene

Paralogs for CHRNA3 Gene

(18) SIMAP similar genes for CHRNA3 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • D3DW87_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CHRNA3: view

Variants for CHRNA3 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRNA3 Gene

Genetic variations in CHRNA3 have been associated with susceptibility to smoking-related behavioral traits and lung cancer, contributing to the smoking quantitative trait locus 3 (SQTL3) [MIM:612052].

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CHRNA3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1051730 risk-factor, drug-response, Lung cancer susceptibility 2, Smoking as a quantitative trait locus 3, nicotine response - Toxicity/ADR 78,601,997(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, synonymous_variant
rs578776 drug-response, nicotine response - Toxicity/ADR, Metabolism/PK 78,596,058(-) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs538193392 uncertain-significance, not specified 78,601,734(-) AG/ coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs774559139 uncertain-significance, not specified 78,596,650(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000108643 -- 78,603,278(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CHRNA3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1448423 CNV insertion 17803354
nsv1045827 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1116464 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv1628 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv457208 CNV gain 19166990
nsv513434 CNV insertion 21212237
nsv518840 CNV loss 19592680
nsv570201 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for CHRNA3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 27.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.34; 41.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for CHRNA3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

Disorders for CHRNA3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for CHRNA3 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for CHRNA3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CHRNA3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CHRNA3 Gene

Publications for CHRNA3 Gene

  1. Association and interaction analysis of variants in CHRNA5/CHRNA3/CHRNB4 gene cluster with nicotine dependence in African and European Americans. (PMID: 19859904) Li MD … Ma JZ (American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics 2010) 3 22 44 58
  2. Sensorimotor gating is associated with CHRNA3 polymorphisms in schizophrenia and healthy volunteers. (PMID: 20393456) Petrovsky N … Kumari V (Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 2010) 3 22 44 58
  3. Rare missense variants of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor altering receptor function are associated with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (PMID: 19628475) Sabatelli M … Zollino M (Human molecular genetics 2009) 3 22 44 58
  4. A susceptibility locus for lung cancer maps to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes on 15q25. (PMID: 18385738) Hung RJ … Brennan P (Nature 2008) 3 4 44 58
  5. A variant associated with nicotine dependence, lung cancer and peripheral arterial disease. (PMID: 18385739) Thorgeirsson TE … Stefansson K (Nature 2008) 3 4 44 58

Products for CHRNA3 Gene

Sources for CHRNA3 Gene

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