Aliases for CFTR Gene
- Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator, ATP-Binding Cassette (Sub-Family C, Member 7) 2
- Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (ATP-Binding Cassette Sub-Family C, Member 7) 3
- Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulating 3
- ATP-Binding Cassette Sub-Family C, Member 7 2
- ATP-Binding Cassette Sub-Family C Member 7 4
- EC 184.108.40.206 51
- EC 220.127.116.11 4
- EC 3.6.3 51
- CFTR 5
- CF 3
External Ids for CFTR Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CFTR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CFTR Gene
This gene encodes a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. The encoded protein functions as a chloride channel, making it unique among members of this protein family, and controls ion and water secretion and absorption in epithelial tissues. Channel activation is mediated by cycles of regulatory domain phosphorylation, ATP-binding by the nucleotide-binding domains, and ATP hydrolysis. Mutations in this gene cause cystic fibrosis, the most common lethal genetic disorder in populations of Northern European descent. The most frequently occurring mutation in cystic fibrosis, DeltaF508, results in impaired folding and trafficking of the encoded protein. Multiple pseudogenes have been identified in the human genome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for CFTR Gene
CFTR (CF Transmembrane Conductance Regulator) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CFTR include Cystic Fibrosis and Vas Deferens, Congenital Bilateral Aplasia Of. Among its related pathways are Regulation of activated PAK-2p34 by proteasome mediated degradation and Clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and PDZ domain binding. An important paralog of this gene is ABCC4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CFTR Gene
Epithelial ion channel that plays an important role in the regulation of epithelial ion and water transport and fluid homeostasis (PubMed:26823428). Mediates the transport of chloride ions across the cell membrane (PubMed:10792060, PubMed:11524016, PubMed:11707463, PubMed:12519745, PubMed:15010471, PubMed:12588899, PubMed:17036051, PubMed:19398555, PubMed:19621064, PubMed:22178883, PubMed:25330774, PubMed:1712898, PubMed:8910473, PubMed:9804160, PubMed:12529365, PubMed:17182731, PubMed:26846474, PubMed:28087700). Channel activity is coupled to ATP hydrolysis (PubMed:8910473). The ion channel is also permeable to HCO(3-); selectivity depends on the extracellular chloride concentration (PubMed:15010471, PubMed:19019741). Exerts its function also by modulating the activity of other ion channels and transporters (PubMed:12403779, PubMed:22178883, PubMed:22121115, PubMed:27941075). Plays an important role in airway fluid homeostasis (PubMed:16645176, PubMed:19621064, PubMed:26823428). Contributes to the regulation of the pH and the ion content of the airway surface fluid layer and thereby plays an important role in defense against pathogens (PubMed:14668433, PubMed:16645176, PubMed:26823428). Modulates the activity of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) complex, in part by regulating the cell surface expression of the ENaC complex (PubMed:17434346, PubMed:27941075, PubMed:17182731). Inhibits the activity of the ENaC channel containing subunits SCNN1A, SCNN1B and SCNN1G (PubMed:17182731). Inhibits the activity of the ENaC channel containing subunits SCNN1D, SCNN1B and SCNN1G, but not of the ENaC channel containing subunits SCNN1A, SCNN1B and SCNN1G (PubMed:27941075). May regulate bicarbonate secretion and salvage in epithelial cells by regulating the transporter SLC4A7 (PubMed:12403779). Can inhibit the chloride channel activity of ANO1 (PubMed:22178883). Plays a role in the chloride and bicarbonate homeostasis during sperm epididymal maturation and capacitation (PubMed:19923167, PubMed:27714810).
Chloride channels are a family of anion-selective channels involved in a diverse range of biological processes including the regulation of the excitability of neurons, skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle, cell volume regulation, transepithelial salt transport, the acidification of intra- and extracellular compartments.