Aliases for CEP19 Gene
External Ids for CEP19 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CEP19 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CEP19 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene localizes to centrosomes and primary cilia and co-localizes with a marker for the mother centriole. This gene resides in a region of human chromosome 3 that is linked to morbid obesity. A homozygous knockout of the orthologous gene in mouse resulted in mice with morbid obesity, hyperphagy, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance. Mutations in this gene cause morbid obesity and spermatogenic failure (MOSPGF). This gene has a pseudogene on human chromosome 2. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CEP19 Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CEP19 Gene
Required for ciliation (PubMed:28625565, PubMed:28428259, PubMed:28659385). Recruits the RABL2B GTPase to the ciliary base to initiate ciliation. After specifically capturing the activated GTP-bound RABL2B, the CEP19-RABL2B complex binds intraflagellar transport (IFT) complex B from the large pool pre-docked at the base of the cilium and thus triggers its entry into the cilia (PubMed:28625565, PubMed:28428259). Involved in the early steps in cilia formation by recruiting the ciliary vesicles (CVs) to the distal end of the mother centriole where they fuse to initiate cilium assembly. Involved in microtubule (MT) anchoring to the centrosomes (PubMed:28659385).