Aliases for CEL Gene
External Ids for CEL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CEL Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein secreted from the pancreas into the digestive tract and from the lactating mammary gland into human milk. The physiological role of this protein is in cholesterol and lipid-soluble vitamin ester hydrolysis and absorption. This encoded protein promotes large chylomicron production in the intestine. Also its presence in plasma suggests its interactions with cholesterol and oxidized lipoproteins to modulate the progression of atherosclerosis. In pancreatic tumoral cells, this encoded protein is thought to be sequestrated within the Golgi compartment and is probably not secreted. This gene contains a variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the coding region that may influence the function of the encoded protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CEL Gene
CEL (Carboxyl Ester Lipase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CEL include Maturity-Onset Diabetes Of The Young, Type 8, With Exocrine Dysfunction and Maturity-Onset Diabetes Of The Young. Among its related pathways are Salivary secretion and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and carboxylic ester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NLGN3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CEL Gene
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of a wide range of substrates including cholesteryl esters, phospholipids, lysophospholipids, di- and tri-acylglycerols, and fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs) (PubMed:8471055, PubMed:27509211, PubMed:10220579, PubMed:27650499). Preferentially hydrolyzes FAHFAs with the ester bond further away from the carboxylate. Unsaturated FAHFAs are hydrolyzed more quickly than saturated FAHFAs (By similarity). Has an essential role in the complete digestion of dietary lipids and their intestinal absorption, along with the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (PubMed:8471055, PubMed:27509211, PubMed:10220579, PubMed:27650499).
Lipases are esterase enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds within hydrophobic lipids. The diverse class of lipase enzymes includes diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and endothelial lipase (LIPG).