Aliases for CDS2 Gene
External Ids for CDS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CDS2 Gene
Breakdown products of phosphoinositides are ubiquitous second messengers that function downstream of many G protein-coupled receptors and tyrosine kinases regulating cell growth, calcium metabolism, and protein kinase C activity. This gene encodes an enzyme which regulates the amount of phosphatidylinositol available for signaling by catalyzing the conversion of phosphatidic acid to CDP-diacylglycerol. This enzyme is an integral membrane protein localized to two subcellular domains, the matrix side of the inner mitochondrial membrane where it is thought to be involved in the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin and the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum where it functions in phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis. Two genes encoding this enzyme have been identified in humans, one mapping to human chromosome 4q21 and a second to 20p13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CDS2 Gene
CDS2 (CDP-Diacylglycerol Synthase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CDS1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CDS2 Gene
Catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidic acid (PA) to CDP-diacylglycerol (CDP-DAG), an essential intermediate in the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol, cardiolipin and phosphatidylinositol (PubMed:25375833). Exhibits specificity for the nature of the acyl chains at the sn-1 and sn-2 positions in the substrate, PA and the preferred acyl chain composition is 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-phosphatidic acid (PubMed:25375833). Plays an important role in regulating the growth and maturation of lipid droplets which are storage organelles at the center of lipid and energy homeostasis (PubMed:26946540, PubMed:31548309).