Aliases for CDKN1B Gene
External Ids for CDKN1B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CDKN1B Gene
This gene encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, which shares a limited similarity with CDK inhibitor CDKN1A/p21. The encoded protein binds to and prevents the activation of cyclin E-CDK2 or cyclin D-CDK4 complexes, and thus controls the cell cycle progression at G1. The degradation of this protein, which is triggered by its CDK dependent phosphorylation and subsequent ubiquitination by SCF complexes, is required for the cellular transition from quiescence to the proliferative state. Mutations in this gene are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type IV (MEN4). [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CDKN1B Gene
CDKN1B (Cyclin Dependent Kinase Inhibitor 1B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CDKN1B include Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Type Iv and Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Cellular Senescence (REACTOME). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein phosphatase binding. An important paralog of this gene is CDKN1C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CDKN1B Gene
Important regulator of cell cycle progression. Inhibits the kinase activity of CDK2 bound to cyclin A, but has little inhibitory activity on CDK2 bound to SPDYA (PubMed:28666995). Involved in G1 arrest. Potent inhibitor of cyclin E- and cyclin A-CDK2 complexes. Forms a complex with cyclin type D-CDK4 complexes and is involved in the assembly, stability, and modulation of CCND1-CDK4 complex activation. Acts either as an inhibitor or an activator of cyclin type D-CDK4 complexes depending on its phosphorylation state and/or stoichometry.