Aliases for CD9 Gene
External Ids for CD9 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CD9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD9 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, also known as the tetraspanin family. Tetraspanins are cell surface glycoproteins with four transmembrane domains that form multimeric complexes with other cell surface proteins. The encoded protein functions in many cellular processes including differentiation, adhesion, and signal transduction, and expression of this gene plays a critical role in the suppression of cancer cell motility and metastasis. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
GeneCards Summary for CD9 Gene
CD9 (CD9 Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD9 include Cytomegalovirus Retinitis and Diphtheria. Among its related pathways are HIV Life Cycle and Uptake and actions of bacterial toxins. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include integrin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TSPAN2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CD9 Gene
Integral membrane protein associated with integrins, which regulates different processes, such as sperm-egg fusion, platelet activation and aggregation, and cell adhesion (PubMed:8478605, PubMed:14575715, PubMed:18541721). Present at the cell surface of oocytes and plays a key role in sperm-egg fusion, possibly by organizing multiprotein complexes and the morphology of the membrane required for the fusion (By similarity). In myoblasts, associates with CD81 and PTGFRN and inhibits myotube fusion during muscle regeneration (By similarity). In macrophages, associates with CD81 and beta-1 and beta-2 integrins, and prevents macrophage fusion into multinucleated giant cells specialized in ingesting complement-opsonized large particles (PubMed:12796480). Also prevents the fusion between mononuclear cell progenitors into osteoclasts in charge of bone resorption (By similarity). Acts as a receptor for PSG17 (By similarity). Involved in platelet activation and aggregation (PubMed:18541721). Regulates paranodal junction formation (By similarity). Involved in cell adhesion, cell motility and tumor metastasis (PubMed:8478605, PubMed:7511626).