Aliases for CD1B Gene
External Ids for CD1B Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CD1B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD1B Gene
This gene encodes a member of the CD1 family of transmembrane glycoproteins, which are structurally related to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins and form heterodimers with beta-2-microglobulin. The CD1 proteins mediate the presentation of primarily lipid and glycolipid antigens of self or microbial origin to T cells. The human genome contains five CD1 family genes organized in a cluster on chromosome 1. The CD1 family members are thought to differ in their cellular localization and specificity for particular lipid ligands. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to late endosomes and lysosomes via a tyrosine-based motif in the cytoplasmic tail, and requires vesicular acidification to bind lipid antigens. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CD1B Gene
CD1B (CD1b Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD1B include Mycobacterium Malmoense and Non-Langerhans-Cell Histiocytosis. Among its related pathways are Hematopoietic cell lineage and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include beta-2-microglobulin binding and endogenous lipid antigen binding. An important paralog of this gene is CD1C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CD1B Gene
Antigen-presenting protein that binds self and non-self lipid and glycolipid antigens and presents them to T-cell receptors on natural killer T-cells.