Aliases for CD1A Gene
External Ids for CD1A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CD1A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD1A Gene
This gene encodes a member of the CD1 family of transmembrane glycoproteins, which are structurally related to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins and form heterodimers with beta-2-microglobulin. The CD1 proteins mediate the presentation of primarily lipid and glycolipid antigens of self or microbial origin to T cells. The human genome contains five CD1 family genes organized in a cluster on chromosome 1. The CD1 family members are thought to differ in their cellular localization and specificity for particular lipid ligands. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the plasma membrane and to recycling vesicles of the early endocytic system. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]
GeneCards Summary for CD1A Gene
CD1A (CD1a Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD1A include Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis and Histiocytosis. Among its related pathways are Immunoregulatory interactions between a Lymphoid and a non-Lymphoid cell and Dendritic Cells Developmental Lineage Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include beta-2-microglobulin binding and endogenous lipid antigen binding. An important paralog of this gene is CD1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CD1A Gene
Antigen-presenting protein that binds self and non-self lipid and glycolipid antigens and presents them to T-cell receptors on natural killer T-cells.