Aliases for CD177 Gene
External Ids for CD177 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD177 Gene
This gene encodes a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked cell surface glycoprotein that plays a role in neutrophil activation. The protein can bind platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and function in neutrophil transmigration. Mutations in this gene are associated with myeloproliferative diseases. Over-expression of this gene has been found in patients with polycythemia rubra vera. Autoantibodies against the protein may result in pulmonary transfusion reactions, and it may be involved in Wegener's granulomatosis. A related pseudogene, which is adjacent to this gene on chromosome 19, has been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CD177 Gene
CD177 (CD177 Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD177 include Polycythemia and Neonatal Alloimmune Neutropenia. Among its related pathways are Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade) and Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall. An important paralog of this gene is TEX101.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CD177 Gene
In association with beta-2 integrin heterodimer ITGAM/CD11b and ITGB2/CD18, mediates activation of TNF-alpha primed neutrophils including degranulation and superoxide production (PubMed:21193407). In addition, by preventing beta-2 integrin internalization and attenuating chemokine signaling favors adhesion over migration (PubMed:28807980). Heterophilic interaction with PECAM1 on endothelial cells plays a role in neutrophil transendothelial migration in vitro (PubMed:17580308). However, appears to be dispensable for neutrophil recruitment caused by bacterial infection in vivo (PubMed:23461681). Acts as a receptor for the mature form of protease PRTN3 allowing its display at the cell surface of neutrophils (PubMed:17244676, PubMed:18462208). By displaying PRTN3 at the neutrophil cell surface, may play a role in enhancing endothelial cell junctional integrity and thus vascular integrity during neutrophil diapedesis (PubMed:23202369).