Aliases for CD14 Gene
External Ids for CD14 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD14 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a surface antigen that is preferentially expressed on monocytes/macrophages. It cooperates with other proteins to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and to viruses. This gene has been identified as a target candidate in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2-infected patients to potentially lessen or inhibit a severe inflammatory response. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2020]
GeneCards Summary for CD14 Gene
CD14 (CD14 Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD14 include Mycobacterium Chelonae and Mycobacterium Kansasii. Among its related pathways are Bacterial infections in CF airways and Immune response IL-23 signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include lipopolysaccharide binding and lipoteichoic acid binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CD14 Gene
Coreceptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (PubMed:1698311, PubMed:23264655). In concert with LBP, binds to monomeric lipopolysaccharide and delivers it to the LY96/TLR4 complex, thereby mediating the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (PubMed:20133493, PubMed:23264655). Acts via MyD88, TIRAP and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response (PubMed:8612135). Acts as a coreceptor for TLR2:TLR6 heterodimer in response to diacylated lipopeptides and for TLR2:TLR1 heterodimer in response to triacylated lipopeptides, these clusters trigger signaling from the cell surface and subsequently are targeted to the Golgi in a lipid-raft dependent pathway (PubMed:16880211). Binds electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) and mediates the cytokine release induced by LDL(-) (PubMed:23880187).