Aliases for CCR2 Gene
External Ids for CCR2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CCR2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCR2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a receptor for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, a chemokine which specifically mediates monocyte chemotaxis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is involved in monocyte infiltration in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis as well as in the inflammatory response against tumors. The encoded protein mediates agonist-dependent calcium mobilization and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. This protein can also be a coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 infection. This gene is located in the chemokine receptor gene cluster region of chromosome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for CCR2 Gene
CCR2 (C-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCR2 include Idiopathic Anterior Uveitis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. Among its related pathways are CCR5 Pathway in Macrophages and Cytokine Signaling in Immune system. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and chemokine receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCR5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CCR2 Gene
Key functional receptor for CCL2 but can also bind CCL7 and CCL12 (PubMed:8146186, PubMed:8048929, PubMed:23408426). Its binding with CCL2 on monocytes and macrophages mediates chemotaxis and migration induction through the activation of the PI3K cascade, the small G protein Rac and lamellipodium protrusion (Probable). Also acts as a receptor for the beta-defensin DEFB106A/DEFB106B (PubMed:23938203). Regulates the expression of T-cell inflammatory cytokines and T-cell differentiation, promoting the differentiation of T-cells into T-helper 17 cells (Th17) during inflammation (By similarity). Faciltates the export of mature thymocytes by enhancing directional movement of thymocytes to sphingosine-1-phosphate stimulation and up-regulation of S1P1R expression; signals through the JAK-STAT pathway to regulate FOXO1 activity leading to an increased expression of S1P1R (By similarity). Plays an important role in mediating peripheral nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain (By similarity). Increases NMDA-mediated synaptic transmission in both dopamine D1 and D2 receptor-containing neurons, which may be caused by MAPK/ERK-dependent phosphorylation of GRIN2B/NMDAR2B (By similarity). Mediates the recruitment of macrophages and monocytes to the injury site following brain injury (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Alternative coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 infection.
Chemokine CC receptors (CCRs) predominantly recognize CC chemokines. CC chemokines are distinguished by having four conserved cysteines, with the first two cysteines being adjacent to each other. There are 10 chemokine CC receptors.