Aliases for CCL3L1 Gene
External Ids for CCL3L1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CCL3L1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCL3L1 Gene
This gene is one of several cytokine genes that are clustered on the q-arm of chromosome 17. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins that function in inflammatory and immunoregulatory processes. The protein encoded by this gene binds to several chemokine receptors, including chemokine binding protein 2 and chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5 (CCR5). CCR5 is a co-receptor for HIV, and binding of this protein to CCR5 inhibits HIV entry. The copy number of this gene varies among individuals, where most individuals have one to six copies, and a minority of individuals have zero or more than six copies. There are conflicting reports about copy number variation of this gene and its correlation to disease susceptibility. This record represents one of two copies that are present on the ALT_REF_LOCI_2 alternate haplotype of the GRCh38 human reference genome assembly. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CCL3L1 Gene
CCL3L1 (C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 3 Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCL3L1 include Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. Among its related pathways are CCR5 Pathway in Macrophages and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chemokine activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCL3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CCL3L1 Gene
Chemotactic for lymphocytes and monocytes. Is a ligand for CCR1, CCR3 and CCR5. Is an inhibitor of HIV-1-infection. The processed form LD78-beta(3-70) shows a 20-fold to 30-fold higher chemotactic activity and is a very potent inhibitor of HIV-1-infection. LD78-beta(3-70) is also a ligand for CCR1, CCR3 and CCR5.