Aliases for CBX3 Gene
External Ids for CBX3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CBX3 Gene
At the nuclear envelope, the nuclear lamina and heterochromatin are adjacent to the inner nuclear membrane. The protein encoded by this gene binds DNA and is a component of heterochromatin. This protein also can bind lamin B receptor, an integral membrane protein found in the inner nuclear membrane. The dual binding functions of the encoded protein may explain the association of heterochromatin with the inner nuclear membrane. This protein binds histone H3 tails methylated at Lys-9 sites. This protein is also recruited to sites of ultraviolet-induced DNA damage and double-strand breaks. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein but differing in the 5' UTR, have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]
GeneCards Summary for CBX3 Gene
CBX3 (Chromobox 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CBX3 include Hyperoxaluria, Primary, Type I and Carbohydrate Metabolic Disorder. Among its related pathways are Shigellosis and Chromatin Regulation / Acetylation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is CBX1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CBX3 Gene
Seems to be involved in transcriptional silencing in heterochromatin-like complexes. Recognizes and binds histone H3 tails methylated at 'Lys-9', leading to epigenetic repression. May contribute to the association of the heterochromatin with the inner nuclear membrane through its interaction with lamin B receptor (LBR). Involved in the formation of functional kinetochore through interaction with MIS12 complex proteins. Contributes to the conversion of local chromatin to a heterochromatin-like repressive state through H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation, mediates the recruitment of the methyltransferases SUV39H1 and/or SUV39H2 by the PER complex to the E-box elements of the circadian target genes such as PER2 itself or PER1. Mediates the recruitment of NIPBL to sites of DNA damage at double-strand breaks (DSBs) (PubMed:28167679).