Aliases for CAST Gene
External Ids for CAST Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CAST Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is an endogenous calpain (calcium-dependent cysteine protease) inhibitor. It consists of an N-terminal domain L and four repetitive calpain-inhibition domains (domains 1-4), and it is involved in the proteolysis of amyloid precursor protein. The calpain/calpastatin system is involved in numerous membrane fusion events, such as neural vesicle exocytosis and platelet and red-cell aggregation. The encoded protein is also thought to affect the expression levels of genes encoding structural or regulatory proteins. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]
GeneCards Summary for CAST Gene
CAST (Calpastatin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CAST include Peeling Skin With Leukonychia, Acral Punctate Keratoses, Cheilitis, And Knuckle Pads and Cheilitis. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Neurodegenerative Diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CAST Gene
Specific inhibition of calpain (calcium-dependent cysteine protease). Plays a key role in postmortem tenderization of meat and have been proposed to be involved in muscle protein degradation in living tissue.