Aliases for CASP9 Gene
External Ids for CASP9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CASP9 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Sequential activation of caspases plays a central role in the execution-phase of cell apoptosis. Caspases exist as inactive proenzymes which undergo proteolytic processing at conserved aspartic residues to produce two subunits, large and small, that dimerize to form the active enzyme. This protein can undergo autoproteolytic processing and activation by the apoptosome, a protein complex of cytochrome c and the apoptotic peptidase activating factor 1; this step is thought to be one of the earliest in the caspase activation cascade. This protein is thought to play a central role in apoptosis and to be a tumor suppressor. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
GeneCards Summary for CASP9 Gene
CASP9 (Caspase 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CASP9 include Brain Meningioma and Inflammatory Bowel Disease 7. Among its related pathways are Constitutive Signaling by AKT1 E17K in Cancer and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CASP8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CASP9 Gene
Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Binding of caspase-9 to Apaf-1 leads to activation of the protease which then cleaves and activates caspase-3. Promotes DNA damage-induced apoptosis in a ABL1/c-Abl-dependent manner. Proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP).
Isoform 2 lacks activity is an dominant-negative inhibitor of caspase-9.
Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate proteases) are involved in the signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation. These enzymes can be divided into initiators and effectors. The initiator isoforms are activated by, and interact with, upstream adaptor molecules.