Aliases for CASP7 Gene
External Ids for CASP7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CASP7 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Sequential activation of caspases plays a central role in the execution-phase of cell apoptosis. Caspases exist as inactive proenzymes which undergo proteolytic processing at conserved aspartic residues to produce two subunits, large and small, that dimerize to form the active enzyme. The precursor of the encoded protein is cleaved by caspase 3 and 10, is activated upon cell death stimuli and induces apoptosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]
GeneCards Summary for CASP7 Gene
CASP7 (Caspase 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CASP7 include Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus 17 and Aleutian Mink Disease. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling and Apoptosis and survival Caspase cascade. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase activity and aspartic-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CASP3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CASP7 Gene
Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs). Proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) at a 216-Asp- -Gly-217 bond. Overexpression promotes programmed cell death.
Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate proteases) are involved in the signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation. These enzymes can be divided into initiators and effectors. The initiator isoforms are activated by, and interact with, upstream adaptor molecules.