Aliases for CASP2 Gene
External Ids for CASP2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CASP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CASP2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Caspases mediate cellular apoptosis through the proteolytic cleavage of specific protein substrates. The encoded protein may function in stress-induced cell death pathways, cell cycle maintenance, and the suppression of tumorigenesis. Increased expression of this gene may play a role in neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and temporal lobe epilepsy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
GeneCards Summary for CASP2 Gene
CASP2 (Caspase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CASP2 include Bladder Transitional Cell Papilloma and Retinal Ischemia. Among its related pathways are Presenilin-Mediated Signaling and Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and cysteine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CASP9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for CASP2 Gene
Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Might function by either activating some proteins required for cell death or inactivating proteins necessary for cell survival (PubMed:15073321). Associates with PIDD1 and CRADD to form the PIDDosome, a complex that activates CASP2 and triggers apoptosis in response to genotoxic stress (PubMed:15073321).
Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate proteases) are involved in the signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation. These enzymes can be divided into initiators and effectors. The initiator isoforms are activated by, and interact with, upstream adaptor molecules.